Islam=variety of interpretations science an micro-evolution is acceptable to many: humans are not seen as being part of evolution, rather unique and creation of. Allah: christians=variety of interpretations with genesis, speciation allowed by vatican, god created dna originator, hindu= 11000 separate acts of creation. Judaism= like other monotheistic religions, varying interpretations of scriptures: creationism. James hutton 1726-1797: charles lyell 1797-1895 looked at erosion and sandstone, 4000 years is not enough time for this development, stratification, extinct species found in strata, before they were dismissed, emergence of pre-history, lower paleolithic hand-axe. If mutation not under selection, it remains dormant. Isolation by distance: cave fish, former unified species split into 2 groups, eventually genetic mutation, founder effect, natural selection act on divided pops differently, two distinct species emerge eventually, fish pops. Off sea of japan(?: some fruit flies (african highway, borneo and orangutans with the highway. Laetoli footprints: 3. 75mmya, giant sabre tooth cats ate austro.