January 17 , 2014
Minoan: Theseus manage to kill the Minoan King
Mycenaean: Existed during the classical era, with two ethics:
• Aylliad – war between the Greeks (Achaeans)
Both Minoan and Mycenaean were divided into sub periods based on the changing pottery styles.
Were also completely driven by Gods – everything is dictated by the voices in their heads
Period leading up to the Classical period
• No trace of cities but the majority of inhabitants lived in villages (Crete). There was very
little deterioration; so many wall paintings were preserved. These pictures are identified as
the daily lives of the ruling elites. Female and utility oriented – there was no social
distinction, women were equal.
• The wealth from this society came not from agriculture, but from the sea. Not just fishing,
but from sailing and acting as middle men in the east and central Mediterranean – North
Africa, Greek South
• Crete society was protected in isolation to prevent invasions; there is no good evidence of
significant war filets operating in this time (2200 B.C. – 1500 B.C.). While there was a lot of
fighting going on elsewhere, there is no evidence of it there.
• 1700 BC – devastation (burn), no one knows the origins or where it came from, but there was
broad destruction of Crete
o New structures appeared (1700 – 1550 BC), it appears it regains its wealth and glory
• Writing appears 2000 BC – not hieroglyphic, but the Cretans used a similar script called
hieroglyphic A. No one has been able to decipher or know the language. Another form of
script called Linear A, again, no one can read and it is assumed to be in the same language of
the hieroglyphic A. After 1550, a script called Linear B emerges, which has now been
translated as an early form of Greek. Which also turns up on the Mycenaean world.
• After 1450, there appears to be another level of destruction. No one knows what happened,
but there was an attempt to link it to a volcanic explosion on an island called Thera.
• Aristocratic, warrior society
• Sometime before 2000 BC, Eurasia speakers began to move into the Greek world; it is not
clear where they exactly came from or what language they speak. The earliest evidence of
Greek speakers was 1850 BC.
• 1500 BC – you start to see evidence in the writings of personalities and arguments. You se