COMM march 5&12 les 8&9.docx

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March 5th/12th 2012
Politics, Participation &Deliberation
Politics is the acts of governing and in the act of governing people we tend to think of
those acts in the terms of power power over someone else.
The idea of government is to ensure that there is a form of common wealth that people
have the basic necessities in life. It is from this that we get the concept of political economy.
Political economy starts in the 18th century and is primarily concerned with how best to
divide up the resources of a given community in the interest of the common wealth.
Adam Smith, John Stuart Mill and Karl Marx say that the way in which we divide up the
homeland is a reflection of common values. Smith says it should be divided through the
economy (the invisible hand of the market). Marx writes that the unfettered free market is
inhumane and exploitive and that the most humane expression of value will be to heavily
intervene and manage the market
In applying the thinking to the study of communication, Broadcasting has a purpose which is
to nationalize the country and since it operates in the national interest, it can’t be served by
private companies as they will be interested in their own private interest and that is how the
CBC was formed
In communication, scholars believe that communication resources are limited and it is
important to understand and ensure that those resources are divided in a way that reflect a
set of shared values which is why scholars who study from a political research perspective
are interested in questions of ownership and access
There are 3 ways in which state has power to control: exploitation, domination and
subjectification (the freedom for me to be me)
Deliberation:
Kony 2012- use social networking as a way to bring people together
How do we decide to do something? Through deliberation
o Who gets to decide? Is an effective way of thinking about participation
Politics is a theme in deliberation
o Thinking about elements of social life in politics is a popular theme in communications
o Kelshaw represents all forms of communications are political
o Others argue that forms of communication is social
o Communication has been highly technological, but for Kelshaw and others that forms of
communications are about power and therefore political
o To see communication as political, its important to look at these ideas to see how and
who can communicate: Control, power, inequality, exploitation, access- if people didn’t
have a computer or internet access it be a lot harder to stay connected with them
o Polis governing over people, while governing over people we tend to look at that as
power of people
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