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Film Sept. 17.docx

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Film Studies
Course Code
FILM 1000

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Film Sept. 17 Casandra Dana The Beginnings of Film Form  Elements of Film & Style 1. Preconditions of Cinema Cultural conditions for cinema: Empiricism – scientific and philosophical interest in what is real. Came about during industrial revolution,  gains importance Urbanization: big cities replaced country, movies distracted from not drinking alcohol Fascination with the visible: interest in what strange things can exist, surprising and shocking. Before  movies people used to go to the morgue for this same effect Optical Entertainment Technical Conditions for Cinema Thaumatrope Phenakistoscope  Photography Invented around 1826 Two trends: Desire to record reality Desire to create a different reality Technology Several technological developments: Improvements in photography Invention of celluloid Strip flexible and strong enough to run through cameras and projectors Improved engineering of projectors Continuous technological evolution Chemical process, film stock, film gauge (width), color… Film Sept. 17 Casandra Dana Important People in Cinema Film Sept. 17 Casandra Dana Thomas A Edison/William Dickson (1893) Excellent marketer and business man Created a company that hired inventors who came up with ideas Kinetoscope Kinetoscope Parlor Auguste & Louis Lumiere Cinematographe Runs 16 fps 1  public screening 8rhm December 28  1895 Grand Café, Boulevard de Capucines  Lumiere Album Moving photographs One shot scenes Camera position/angle constructs & limits action Visual space constructed from foreground to background Georges Méliès Produced over 100 films between 1896­1912 Exploration of possibilities of cinema Single camera position BUT NOT single shot Film Sept. 17 Casandra Dana Editing inside of the camera Single frame animation Edwin S. Porter Developing a concept of continuity editing Single story line 14 non­overlapping shots, dramatically incomplete, connected by straight cuts First time camera moves (primitive panning) Cutting to different locations (primitive crosscutting) to suggest logical order of the action D.W. Griffith Credited as father of Classical N
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