HIST 1300 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Income Tax, First Nations, War Measures Act

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10 Aug 2016
Department
Course
History
Jan 21
Most dangerous government
Canada on eve of war
-conservative win election because conservative were against free trade and naval bill
-industrial overproduction and economic recession begins, unluckily as the conservative take power
-wheat prices drop, jobs are scarce.
-naval question: laurier wanted Canada to have their own navy. Conservatives wanted to donate money
to England. The senate, mostly made up of Liberals, blocks the bill which would give money to Britain
-English French tensions grow because of this conflict
-in 1910, regulation 17. Which means schools who only teach in French in Ontario will get reduced
funding. The francophone population in Ontario is growing.
Canada at War
-Britain declares war on Germany and automatically Canada enters the war. Britain is still in charge of
Canadian foreign policy.
-most people agree to Canada joining the war. Even French Canadian agree, since there is justification
for the war (invasion of Belgium).
-War measures Act 1914. Which is a blank check which authorizes everything for security, peace and
welfare for the country.
-The government now holds significant power.
-false assumptions: short war, Britain would win easily; Canadian army is only made of volunteers.
-in 1914 Borden promises there will be no conscription.
-Canada’s army is not prepared for war.
Minister of militia
-Hughes scraps militia plan and asks for volunteers. They do not get sufficient training.
-favours citizens and militia over professional officers
-Hughes has great attachment to Canadian weapons. He grows found of the Ross rifle. This rifle is awful
in muddy and wet conditions of Europe.
-He signs cheap contracts with cheap equipment and inadequate clothes for wet and cold winters of
Europe.
-Borden reacts to Hughes mishaps by forming many committee to get multiple opinions on the subject.
-Hughes is let go in 1916
Industry
-by 1915 there is labour shortage. Industries are growing and economy is prospering.
-hiring of women begins in things like munitions and other heavy industries.
-munitions board has 40 000 women employed during war.
-wheat production grows rapidly because demand is growing.
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