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Lecture 9

LING 1100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Eric Lenneberg, Language Acquisition Device, Twin Earth Thought Experiment


Department
Linguistics
Course Code
LING 1100
Professor
All
Lecture
9

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ecture themes:
what is language?
how do we cmd to know language?
readings: Chomsky's knowledge of language: its nature, origin and use.
Three questions
what constitutes knowledge of language
how is knowledges of language acquired
how is knowledge of language put to use,
children come to world with universal grammar and the innate ability structure
and input from environment helps us take in input we get and for hypothesis what
we speak and hear (mental grammar)
knowledge of language as a focus of inquiry
studying knowledge
Cycle of Communication (Diagram )
Knowledge of language
the ability to produce and understand an infinite set of sentences with finite
means
phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics
we know things we don't know we know
knowledge of language as a focus of inquiry
Chomsky -
dismisses intuitive pre theoretical sense of knowledge (taking of english as a
coherent thing that can be defined)
"internalized language " - l- Language
language is part of the mind/brain
person knowledge of a particular language as a state of the mid, realized in some
arrangement of physical mechanisms. what is known by a person in this state of
knowledge
"Externalized language" E-Language
exists in community
Bloomfield: a language is the totality of utterances that can be made in a speech
community
Davis Lewis: language is a paring of sentences and meaning over an infinite
range where the language is used by a population
Saussure's langue(knowledge of language and parole- speech context)
Note: these three conceptions of language is not identical
understood independently of the mind and brain unlike I-Language
"Platonic language" P-language
ideals for languages existing away from speakers.
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