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Lecture 1

PHIL 2550 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: John Stuart Mill, Jeremy Bentham, Consequentialism

3 pages107 viewsWinter 2016

Course Code
PHIL 2550
Jason Millar

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Intro to Moral Philosophy
normative theories vs. descriptive theories
moral philosophy is about normative theories
help us reach moral judgments (normative judgments)
normative judgments are motivating judgeets used to ette oe’s life o the old aoud
Examples of normative judgments:
You ought to recycle as much of your garbage as is reasonably possible
People ought to obey the law
I should give more to charity
a normative, action-guiding theory in moral philosophy
i.e. helps you decide what action is best in a given situation
first associated with Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill (Utilitarianism)
Utilitarianism is the classic version of consequentialism
Classi Utilitarianism:
Principle of Utility (John Stuart Mill): actions or behaviours are right in so far as they promote
happiness or pleasure, wrong as they tend to produce unhappiness or pain.
desied as hedoisti at oseuetialis
Act Consequentialism:
A at is oall ight if ad ol if that at aiizes the good, that is, if ad ol if the total
amount of good for all, minus the total amount of bad for all is greater than this net amount for
any incompatible act available to the agent on that oasio.
• Pleasue is the ol itisi good, ad pai is the ol itisi ad
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