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PSYC 2400E - Lecture 24 - April 9, 2013.docx

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Carleton University
PSYC 2400
Julie Dempsey

Tuesday, April 9, 2013 PSYC 2400 - Winter 2013 Lecture 24 Classification of Serial Killers (Holmes & Holmes, 1998) - Developed from reading 110 serial killer case files - 6 types o Visionary o Mission-oriented o Hedonistic  Lust  Thrill  Comfort o Power/control Visionary Type - Rare, mostly men - Kills in response to voices/visions - Diagnosed as delusional or psychotic - Ex: Herbert Mullin – 13 homicides o Born on anniversary of earthquake of 1906 o Need to kill to keep earthquake from happening o Thought he was Jonah from the bible o Killed hitchhikers, priest, family o Tried to join army, blamed in on hippies o Confessed to murders o Still alive Mission-Oriented Type - Rare, mostly men - Eliminate undesirable group of people (e.g., homeless, prostitutes, specific minority group) - Ex: Beoria Simmons – 3 homicides o Targeted sexual trade workers (prostitutes) that looked like his ex-girlfriend - Ex: Jack the Ripper – targeted prostitutes Lust-Oriented Type - More common - Mostly men - Sexual gratification, process of killing is sexually gratifying - Torture, post-mortem involvement (e.g,., necrophilia) - Ex: John Gacy – 33 homicides o Targeted young males o Dressed up as clown - Ex: Randy Kraft – at least 16 homicides o Scorecard killer/ freeway killer o Pick up hitchhikers o Would bring them home and torture them Thrill-Oriented Type - Most common - Mostly men - Pleasure/self-gratification derived from killing - Torture prior to murder - Ex: Kenneth Bianchi & Angelo Buono – 12 homicides o Hillside stranglers o Tried say he had multiple personalities - got caught for malingering o Victims were anywhere from 12-28 years old (young women) Comfort-Oriented Type - Rare - Mostly female - Pleasure from killing and also personal gain - Key motivation is money - Ex: Judias Buenoano – 5 homicides o Killed son (took him to boat and drowned him) and husband (arsenic poisoning) o Tried to kill his new fiancé by blowing up his car o Evidence she started poisoning this fiancé too o Convicted and executed o One of the few females who were executed Power-Control Type - Rare - Mostly men - Pleasure from manipulation and domination over victim - Ex: Ted Bundy – 36 homicides o Extremely smart o Had psych degree o Geographically transient o Successful at escaping prison twice o Very charming and manipulative o Wasn’t able to control his impulsiveness o Found from driving infraction o Was executed 1989 Criticisms of Typologies - Overlap of types (thrill, lust, power/control) - Typologies were generated from case files - Cannot explain changing motives - Lack of empirical scrutiny or analyses by external individuals Testing Holmes & Holmes Typology (Canter & Wentink, 2004) - 100 serial killers, coded killing #3 - Two assumptions o Assumed that crime scene characteristics should cluster together if different types exist o Each type needs to have characteristics that are clearly distinct from those of other types - Multi-dimensional scaling used FINAL EXAM REVIEW Exam date and location - April 23, 2013 - 7 – 10 pm - Location: Field House Things to bring - Student id card - Pencils - Erasers Exam Breakdown - Multiple choice : 75 questions - Short answer: choose 5 / 8 questions o 5 points each o Total 25 points o Can be in point form o Very short - In order it was seen in class Exam Coverage - ALL lecture material readings: o Child victims and witnesses (chap 6) o Jury decision-making (chap 7) o Desistance (chap 10) o Risk assessment (chap10) o Young offenders (chap 12) o Psychopathy (chap 11) o Fitness to stand trial (chap 8) o Criminal responsibility (chap 8) o Offender treatment (chap 9) o Sentencing and parole (chap 9) o sexual and homicidal offenders (chap 14) Child Victims and Witnesses (Chapter 6) - Children’s recall abilities
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