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Lecture 12

PSYC 2400E - Lecture 12 - Feb. 26, 2013.docx

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PSYC 2400
Julie Dempsey

Tuesday, February 26, 2013 PSYC 2400 - Winter 2013 Lecture 12 Recognition Memory  Target-present lineup: Adult and children have same accuracy  Children as young as 4 years old can have the same accuracy as adults  Target-absent lineup: Children are more likely to identify an innocent person as compared to adults  Children are more likely to pick someone over saying the culprit isn’t present  Reasons: Children feel pressure by police, maybe don’t understand that they can say that the culprit is absent  Children make more errors with a sequential lineup vs. simultaneous lineup The Elimination Lineup  All pictures in the lineup are presented to the child and they are asked to select the one that looks most like the culprit (relative judgment)  The child is then asked to compare his/her memory to the selected photograph and determine if the person is the culprit (absolute judgment)  Combination of both simultaneous and sequential lineups Children in the Court Risks of Testifying  Potentially traumatizing effects of legal involvement  Children who experience sexual abuse & testify have more problems during the trial than those who do not  Express facing accused as biggest fear  Poorer mental health • Especially for repeated testifying in severe cases • Worse when younger at time of trial Court Accommodations  What accommodations should be made for children testifying in court? • Child could be in a different room, but it would be televised to the courtroom • Use of shield/screen; child goes into courtroom, but the child cannot see the people/defendant • Child could choose a support person (but the person cannot be a witness) • Animal support, have the child be accompanied by an animal (e.g., a dog) • Close the courtroom, closed to public/media, only people in case • Hear-say evidence – someone else can go up to the witness stand and recount what the child has previously said Testifying in Court  Competency inquiry required for kids under 14 until 2006 in Canada • Need to show that the child can tell between a truth /lie • Ask them to define things, what does the truth mean? What is an oath? • Ask them their grade, teachers’ names  Currently: • Presume children can testify • Simple questions about past events  Ability to understand and respond • Promise to tell the truth  Don’t need to demonstrate that they understand the difference between truth and lie Behind Closed Doors  1998 and 2003 rate of substantiated child abuse increased by 125% • 9.6/1000 to 21.7/1000  Why? Types of Child Abuse Physical abuse – shaking, poisoning, burning, poking, hitting, etc. (purposeful injury) Typically child experiences more than one type of abuse Risk Factors  Child o Younger children o More prominent in males o Cognitive impairment  Parental o Single parent
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