PSYC 2400 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Longitudinal Study, Recognition Memory, Problem Solving

29 views4 pages
Published on 15 Apr 2013
School
Carleton University
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 2400
Professor
Tuesday, February 26, 2013
PSYC 2400 - Winter 2013
Lecture 12
Recognition Memory
Target-present lineup: Adult and children have same accuracy
Children as young as 4 years old can have the same accuracy as adults
Target-absent lineup: Children are more likely to identify an innocent person as compared to adults
Children are more likely to pick someone over saying the culprit isn’t present
Reasons: Children feel pressure by police, maybe don’t understand that they can say that the
culprit is absent
Children make more errors with a sequential lineup vs. simultaneous lineup
The Elimination Lineup
All pictures in the lineup are presented to the child and they are asked to select the one that looks most
like the culprit (relative judgment)
The child is then asked to compare his/her memory to the selected photograph and determine if the
person is the culprit (absolute judgment)
Combination of both simultaneous and sequential lineups
Children in the Court
Risks of Testifying
Potentially traumatizing effects of legal involvement
Children who experience sexual abuse & testify have more problems during the trial than those who do
not
Express facing accused as biggest fear
Poorer mental health
Especially for repeated testifying in severe cases
Worse when younger at time of trial
Court Accommodations
What accommodations should be made for children testifying in court?
Child could be in a different room, but it would be televised to the courtroom
Use of shield/screen; child goes into courtroom, but the child cannot see the people/defendant
Child could choose a support person (but the person cannot be a witness)
Animal support, have the child be accompanied by an animal (e.g., a dog)
Close the courtroom, closed to public/media, only people in case
Hear-say evidence someone else can go up to the witness stand and recount what the child has
previously said
Testifying in Court
Competency inquiry required for kids under 14 until 2006 in Canada
Need to show that the child can tell between a truth /lie
Ask them to define things, what does the truth mean? What is an oath?
Ask them their grade, teachers’ names
Currently:
Presume children can testify
Simple questions about past events
Ability to understand and respond
Promise to tell the truth
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 4 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Target-present lineup: adult and children have same accuracy. Children as young as 4 years old can have the same accuracy as adults. Target-absent lineup: children are more likely to identify an innocent person as compared to adults. Children are more likely to pick someone over saying the culprit isn"t present. Reasons: children feel pressure by police, maybe don"t understand that they can say that the culprit is absent. Children make more errors with a sequential lineup vs. simultaneous lineup. All pictures in the lineup are presented to the child and they are asked to select the one that looks most like the culprit (relative judgment) The child is then asked to compare his/her memory to the selected photograph and determine if the person is the culprit (absolute judgment) Combination of both simultaneous and sequential lineups. Children who experience sexual abuse & testify have more problems during the trial than those who do not.

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.