PSYC 2400 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Meta-Analysis, Substance Abuse

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Monday March 16, 2015
Sentencing
Learning Objectives
Goals (purposes) of sentencing
Principles of sentencing
Sentencing options
The death penalty
Sentencing disparity
Attitudes towards sentencing
Sentencing
Imposition of a legal sanction one persons convicted of an offence
Judge decides the sentence
Accomplish a certain goal or purpose
Purposes of Sentencing
Denunciation
oMessage to society - act is wrong
oNot accepted by society
Specific deterrence
oDeter specific individual from reoffending
General deterrence
oPrevent criminal behaviour by the rest of society
oNot just sending out a message that act is not right
Shows community what will happen if this behaviour is repeated
Incapacitation
oPreventing criminal behaviour from individual by removing them from society
oPurpose of ensuring public safety
oIncompatible with rehabilitation
Rehabilitation
oProgram for offenders
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Monday March 16, 2015
oIncrease the chance that individual is going to be member of society when sentence is
over
Productive member – less likely to reoffend
Reparation
oCorrect imbalance
Fine = most common sentence in Canada
Promote responsibility
oSense of responsibility – responsible for criminal actions
Internalize guilt to change individual
Principles of Sentencing
Fundamental principle of sentencing: Sentence must be proportionate to the gravity of the
offence
Sentence must be proportionate to the responsibility of the offender
oEx. Role in crime
Age of offender
Sentence should not deprive the offender of liberty if at all possible
Primary goal: protecting the public
oAggravating factors
oMitigating factors
Sentencing Options
Absolute discharge
oLeast severe
oDischarging/releasing offender back into community with no sentences attached
oFound guilty of crime, appears on criminal record for limited time
Conditional discharge
oFound guilty, discharged back into community, must abide by conditions set out by
judge (appears on criminal record for limited time)
Reparation
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