PSYC 2400 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Malingering, Mitigating Factor, Sick Role

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9 Aug 2016
Department
Course
Professor
Forensic Psychology
2400 Sept 24
Somatic Symptom
-having a physical symptom that can’t be explained. The person is actually feeling pain but it cant be
explained
-There is no medical cause to the physical harm, but a psychological one.
-reaction to extreme stressor or extreme anxiety.
-outward sign of inward struggle.
Types
-hypochondriac: someone who often thinks they are suffering from multiple illness.
-2) someone with extreme pain that cannot be explained
-3) numbness that isn’t physiologically possible
-4) someone begins to experience symptoms of pregnancy. Body begins releasing hormone related to
pregnancy etc..
-5) any other physical symptom that cant be explained and has psychological meaning
Munchausen
-psychological need to be taken care of and obtaining the sick role.
Malingering
-not to adopt patient role
-faking to reap the benefits
Why Malinger
-Unfit to stand trial
-mitigating factor
-personal injury case
-obtain drugs
-admission to hospital
Theories
-Pathogenic model: vey limited empirical support, someone malingers to deal with an existing mental
illness
-criminological: someone will malinger in order to avoid legal consequence
-some of the criteria are very broad
-more often than not people are accused of malingering under this model when they are not.
-adaptation model:
-offender malingers if the benefit outweighs the cost
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