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Lecture

Muslim Holy Days and Praxis.docx

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Department
Religion
Course
RELI 1710
Professor
Zeba Crook
Semester
Fall

Description
Muslim Holy Days and Praxis 11/19/2013 Line of practice and doctrine (orthopraxy and orthodoxy) Islam having more in common with Judaism and the law of god (everything to do with practice) Christianity leaving the Torah behind, moving to the orthodoxy side (doesn’t debate over  orthopraxy) Islam: the five pillars of practice (four of them about conduct and behaviour), one being about  doctrine All three of the religions have actions, while infused with mindful faith Action infused with faith Orthodoxy vs. Orthopraxy The Five Pillars (of practice) Five Pillars of Practice Shahadah Confession: “I bear witness that there is no god but god, and I bear with=ness that Muhammad is  the messenger of god” The only thing one has to do to convert to Islam x3 (said with Niyah—intent) Conversion: something by which you confess Salat Ritual prayer, not spontaneous prayer  ▯5 times a day Around dawn, noon, mid­afternoon sunset, and after dark Muezzin: caller to prayer Ideally prayer is done in community Adhan (call to prayer) Basic repetition of Shahadah  Ritual cleansing: Wudu Cleansing the various parts of you that deal with iniquity—of impurity and sin Prayer with the mouth and the body The body enacts it: series of postures (Raka’ah) Articulation of submission Honour before god Jum’ah: “gathering” (for prayers) Friday afternoon Masjid: Mosque Zakat Like an alms: one gives over one’s wealth to break their attachment to it More like income tax Zakat: to purify 2.5 % annual “tax”: in order to aid the poor Christians living in Muslim lands also did this; paying into the system Sawm: Fasting Ramadan: origin—month in which Muhammad received his first revelation Getting into the state of purification that Muhammad was in Most recent one: July 9­ August 7, 2013 Spiritual experience Day: light fast lasts one month Imagined as a bodily fast as well: senses (sex, avoid slander, etc.) Niyah is important as well: intention of fasting Limitations on who can fast Eid al­Fitr (August 7) Feast: one is also supposed to include the poor  Reminds the rich how it feels to be poor Hajj: pilgrimage to Mecca Supposed to happen once in a lifetime One is not supposed to be in debt to go (have to tie up all loose ends) before going on the Hajj.  For practicality reasons: casualties  Most recent one: Oct. 13­18, 2013 Mecca and Kabah the focus Day before: 7 counter­clockwise circumambulations around the Kabah and “running” between  two nearby hills (Safa and Marwa)—now roofed.  Panic of Hagar looking for water for Ishmael Day One:  20 km walk from Mecca to the Mount of Mercy/ Arafat (not just tour
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