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Lecture

Mythology notes November 28th.docx

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Department
Classics
Course
CLAS 1100X
Professor
Emily Varto
Semester
Fall

Description
November 28, 2011 Demeter Continued ­ Demeter story about Peresephone as well ­ Allegorical of the seasons o The seasons don’t really fit with the myth o Plant in fall  ▯shit in the summer ­ Growth comes out of decay ▯ one of the themes ­ When a maiden died seen marrying Hades ▯ marrying death o A passage from childhood to married life ­ Mixture of ideas connected o Fertility­death­seperation­loss o Death of one part of your life and the fertility of a new part Thesmophoria ▯ Evidence in Athens and all over Greek world ­ Festival to Demeter ▯ fertility of the fields + women ­ 3 day festival (Athens) o Fertility and agricultural festival  Performed so the women could be fertile and the fields could be  too  Both important for the stability of the society o Married women only allowed to celebrate ­ Women in religion, death and daily life had a role o Produce more life o Fruitful marriage ­ Took place in the fall ▯ same time of planting the seeds and grain ­ Earlier in the spring, took piglets and buried them o During Thesmophoria would dig up pigs  ▯decaying and death ­ Also made pyramid shaped cakes in spring and bury them as well o Dig those up in the fall as well ­ Take the soil with decaying things and sprinkle it with seeds to re­crop o Symbolizing growth ▯ out of death comes the aid of fertilization (Pig▯crop) ­ Women also fasted and camped  ▯mimicked Demeter’s mourning ­ Thesmophoria shows the connection between myth and the cycle o Death needs growth and vice versa Eleusinian Mysteries (cult) ­ Eleusis is the place where Demeter stopped her search for Persephone ­ Comes to be very important for the cult of Demeter and Kore o Most important in the Greek world ­ Cult is not the same in modern world ▯ connected to doing sacred things, no  discreet entities o No division when saying cult o Cult does have a community idea= connected rights ­ Those initiated in sacred rights were called Mystes (SP)?  o Means who is closed o What happened at EM stayed there  ▯no talking about it Triptolemos ­ Son of the Eleusinian king ­ Given the knowledge to grow grain ▯ When Demeter took it had to give it back to  someone ­ Brings practice of cultivation back and the worship of Demeter to
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