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HIST 2350 (18)
Lecture

February 13th 2014.docx

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Department
History
Course
HIST 2350
Professor
Padraig Riley
Semester
Winter

Description
February 13 , 2014 Cities and the Harlem Renaissance  ­ Cities very representative of capitalism  ­ Growth and development of American cities was confirmed by 1920’s ▯ majority  of population lived in urban areas ▯ confirmed urbanization  ­ Also reflected physical growth ▯ steel, higher buildings ­ Chyrsler building ▯ symbol of capitalism  o Steel, automobile ▯ finished in 1930’s  Empire State building  ­ Lewis Hine o Depicts new definition of USA with NY ­ Ash Lan School Paintings o Depictions of urban life ­ Alfred Stiegletz ▯ photos of NY o Most important advocates of modern art in NY ▯ Gallery 291 o Documented artistic beauty of metropolis   Transitory view  o Lewis Hines has overlapping themes with Alfred  Hines captured “human ambition” during Empire State Building  construction  o Skyscraper represented power of metropolis and capitalism  o Film obsessed with documenting crowds  The Great Migration ­ Domestic movement ­ African Americans from South ▯ takes off post war (this is the great migration) ­ Really transforms American cities ▯ changes African Americans/history  o Many go to Chicago ­ Push­pull ▯ Jim Crow South sucks (push) Economic opportunities in North (pull) ­ Langston Hughes ▯ intellectual like Wright o Artists, poet and leader of the Harlem Renaissance  o Encouraged black pride ­ Huge demand for output creates opportunity ­ Other than Florida, Arkansas, and Oklahoma, the South suffers huge net loss in  most sectors including population ▯ due to migration  ­ 1920 NY 150 000 blacks (small in terms of population but HUGE increase from  before) ­ North is the land of hope ▯ reality is different o Encounter new forms of racism  ­ AFL bars all blacks  ­ Tension over employment between black and white  ▯strikes, owners use black  workers to threaten white labourers ­ Residence ▯ blacks confined to specific places in the city o Harlem becomes a ghetto ­ This residential segregation happens to foreign immigrants as well ­ Class usually triumphs appearance? ­ Process of racial ghettoization  ­ Real estate agents and banks worked to obstruct blacks from living in white  neighbourhoods ­ Whites leave Harlem due to increase of black population  o 20 000 leave between 1920­30 o 90 000 blacks enter  ­ Also reinforced by violence ▯ race riots
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