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Lecture 5

HPRO 4412 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Sexual Orientation, Allosome, Sexual Identity

Health Promotion
Course Code
HPRO 4412

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Lecture 5
Chapter 10 – Gender
Sex and Gender
Most powerful mediating social forces in society
Sexual orientation
oPhysical and emotional sexual attraction to others
Gender identity
oSense of oneself as a female, male etc.
A person may identify as transgender and be attracted to any
other person, their gender identity is not based on their sexual
Sexual identity: covers the range of ways that people identify
themselves as sexual beings
Sexual orientation
Disorders of Sexual Development
Congenital conditions in which anatomical, gonadal, or
chromosomal sex is atypical
Individuals whose phenotype did not match a typical male or
female pattern used to be mistakenly called hermaphrodites
True hermaphrodites are very rare in humans, as most have both
male and female reproductive organs
Sex chromosome variations
Turner’s syndrome (X0)
oA/ects 1 in 2500 females
oTend to be short, have underdeveloped breasts, and are
Klinefelter’s Syndrome (XXY)
Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia
Exposed to high levels of androgens produced by the adrenal
Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome
AIS individuals have an XY karyotype but develop a female
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