POLI 2520 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Edward Said, Frantz Fanon, Postcolonialism

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Published on 21 Nov 2017
School
Dalhousie University
Department
Political Science
Course
POLI 2520
Professor
Midterm Notes:
Budget your time
-
Not overly picky about names, more about conceptual understanding
-
Higher marks -if you understand the material, explain it clearly and add details
-
Can be asked about core ideas from each author
-
Textbook
Use blue key terms as guide
-
Post structuralism
Appeared in 1990s
Same time as constructivism
-
IR starts to borrow ideas from other realms
-
Ontology -what is the world made of?
World is a complicated place, with complicated social phenomenon
To simplify -what are the moving pieces
§
-
Epistemology -What can we know? How do we know things?
Critic of conventional IR
Material structures
§
Language is not neutral
Language has power via naming
Epistemology is embedded in this
®
§
Eg. postivism and post positivism
§
Eg. contructivism vs post structuralism
Constructivism -theories to understand the world
Post-structuralism objects this
§
-
Positivism
Pattern socialism around the structure of natural sciences
These are not always
§
-
Concepts from postructuralism
Brute Facts: Dogs (usually) have four legs
Limited space to argue
-
Social Facts: $5 bill only has value because we put value in it
-
Both can be contested and are affected by our discourse of them
How do people talk/write about a thing? What does that tell us about the
common frame of mind? What power structures encourage this
-
The same physical event can be seen as fighting, bullying, assault, revenge etc.
Depends on the social construct in which you define in
-
Poststructuralism
Discourse/texts -language as a medium and mechanism of meaning
Text is defined broadly
-
Deconstruction: looking at a text/discourse and determining purpose, underlying
social power etc.
-
Genealogy: Looking at historic pathways, and the implications on current
discourse
What has happened to make X interesting, or named in a certain way
-
Power -How much control or influence do you have over the discourse?
Related to physical elements of power (strength, money, role etc.)
-
Intertextuality -all texts are linked together, no text or discourse exists in a
vacuum
Built upon existing social structure and what has already been said
-
Performativity-social facts persist only because people re-enact them in their
daily life
You can change social facts by acting differently
-
In IR mostly theoretical
-
Deconstructing state sovereignty (Westphalia): Medevial to modern "making" of
state authority
The existence of the state is a creation of certain discourse
-
Inside/outside erases what doesn’t fit
Where does citizenship come from?
How do refugees and stateless people fit in??
§
-
State foreign policy and its effect on state identity
What discourse has lead to this?
Foreign policy arises from discourse on national identity, and then
reinforces ideas about foreign policy
-
Colonialism to post colonialism
Connected to post-structuralists
Most post-colonialists (but not all) would also consider themselves post-
structuralists
-
"Problem" of foreign colonies: mandates and development
When colonial rule ends -how do we think about the spaces that are no
longer colonies
How do colonies transform to new places?
Do you take over colonial structure or replace them?
§
Debates about this were largely in the West
-
Early Post-colonialism was about making room for non-Western voices in the
discourse
Took place against backdrop of cold war
-
Bandung and Nieo
Conference of non-West countries
Start of post-colonial thinking
Group of 77 (NIEO)
77 countries who pushed for UN and economic reform to include
developing countries
failed
§
Global south as a political group continued
§
-
Neo-Colonialism
-
Some Post Colonial Landmarks
Only with hindsight can we see them as pioneers of neocolonialism
-
Franz Fanon: language of subordination, closing of pathways for challenge
Language reinforces that people in the South cannot fix their own
challenges
-
Subalterns: Look at subordinates, look from subordinate position/viewpoint
-
Edward Said (Orientalism): "East" in Texts; rational, progressive vs sensual,
backward; male vs female
Arguments about how west sees east as foreign, other societies
Discourse shapes this
§
-
Perspectives/Agency
About complicated colonial relationships
-
How is the mindset required by a colonial relationship maintained
-
Neo-colonialism still exists, and the relationships evolution after colonialism
keeps post colonialism relevant
-
Tension -can people in the north do actual post colonial research
Can old white men understand or interpret the experience of young poc
women?
-
Arab Springs
The transitions away from colonization was in fact very colonial
Leaders are deeply tied to west still
§
-
Lecture 10 -Post-structuralism and Post-Colonial
Theory
Tuesday,* October* 3,*2017
2:45*PM
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Midterm Notes:
Budget your time
-
Not overly picky about names, more about conceptual understanding
-
Higher marks -if you understand the material, explain it clearly and add details
-
Can be asked about core ideas from each author
-
Textbook
Use blue key terms as guide
Digest general ideas
-
Post structuralism
Appeared in 1990s
Same time as constructivism
-
IR starts to borrow ideas from other realms
-
Ontology -what is the world made of?
World is a complicated place, with complicated social phenomenon
To simplify -what are the moving pieces
§
-
Epistemology -What can we know? How do we know things?
Critic of conventional IR
Material structures
§
Language is not neutral
Language has power via naming
Epistemology is embedded in this
®
§
Eg. postivism and post positivism
§
Eg. contructivism vs post structuralism
Constructivism -theories to understand the world
Post-structuralism objects this
§
-
Positivism
Pattern socialism around the structure of natural sciences
These are not always
§
-
Concepts from postructuralism
Brute Facts: Dogs (usually) have four legs
Limited space to argue
-
Social Facts: $5 bill only has value because we put value in it
-
Both can be contested and are affected by our discourse of them
How do people talk/write about a thing? What does that tell us about the
common frame of mind? What power structures encourage this
-
The same physical event can be seen as fighting, bullying, assault, revenge etc.
Depends on the social construct in which you define in
-
Poststructuralism
Discourse/texts -language as a medium and mechanism of meaning
Text is defined broadly
-
Deconstruction: looking at a text/discourse and determining purpose, underlying
social power etc.
-
Genealogy: Looking at historic pathways, and the implications on current
discourse
What has happened to make X interesting, or named in a certain way
-
Power -How much control or influence do you have over the discourse?
Related to physical elements of power (strength, money, role etc.)
-
Intertextuality -all texts are linked together, no text or discourse exists in a
vacuum
Built upon existing social structure and what has already been said
-
Performativity-social facts persist only because people re-enact them in their
daily life
You can change social facts by acting differently
-
In IR mostly theoretical
-
Deconstructing state sovereignty (Westphalia): Medevial to modern "making" of
state authority
The existence of the state is a creation of certain discourse
-
Inside/outside erases what doesn’t fit
Where does citizenship come from?
How do refugees and stateless people fit in??
§
-
State foreign policy and its effect on state identity
What discourse has lead to this?
Foreign policy arises from discourse on national identity, and then
reinforces ideas about foreign policy
-
Colonialism to post colonialism
Connected to post-structuralists
Most post-colonialists (but not all) would also consider themselves post-
structuralists
-
"Problem" of foreign colonies: mandates and development
When colonial rule ends -how do we think about the spaces that are no
longer colonies
How do colonies transform to new places?
Do you take over colonial structure or replace them?
§
Debates about this were largely in the West
-
Early Post-colonialism was about making room for non-Western voices in the
discourse
Took place against backdrop of cold war
-
Bandung and Nieo
Conference of non-West countries
Start of post-colonial thinking
Group of 77 (NIEO)
77 countries who pushed for UN and economic reform to include
developing countries
failed
§
Global south as a political group continued
§
-
Neo-Colonialism
-
Some Post Colonial Landmarks
Only with hindsight can we see them as pioneers of neocolonialism
-
Franz Fanon: language of subordination, closing of pathways for challenge
Language reinforces that people in the South cannot fix their own
challenges
-
Subalterns: Look at subordinates, look from subordinate position/viewpoint
-
Edward Said (Orientalism): "East" in Texts; rational, progressive vs sensual,
backward; male vs female
Arguments about how west sees east as foreign, other societies
Discourse shapes this
§
-
Perspectives/Agency
About complicated colonial relationships
-
How is the mindset required by a colonial relationship maintained
-
Neo-colonialism still exists, and the relationships evolution after colonialism
keeps post colonialism relevant
-
Tension -can people in the north do actual post colonial research
Can old white men understand or interpret the experience of young poc
women?
-
Arab Springs
The transitions away from colonization was in fact very colonial
Leaders are deeply tied to west still
§
-
Lecture 10 -Post-structuralism and Post-Colonial
Theory
Tuesday,* October* 3,*2017 2:45*PM
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 5 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Not overly picky about names, more about conceptual understanding. Higher marks - if you understand the material, explain it clearly and add details. Can be asked about core ideas from each author. Ir starts to borrow ideas from other realms. World is a complicated place, with complicated social phenomenon. To simplify - what are the moving pieces. Pattern socialism around the structure of natural sciences. Social facts: bill only has value because we put value in it. Both can be contested and are affected by our discourse of them. The same physical event can be seen as fighting, bullying, assault, revenge etc. Depends on the social construct in which you define in. Discourse/texts - language as a medium and mechanism of meaning. Deconstruction: looking at a text/discourse and determining purpose, underlying social power etc. Genealogy: looking at historic pathways, and the implications on current discourse. What has happened to make x interesting, or named in a certain way.

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