Class Notes (834,026)
Canada (508,290)
Psychology (397)
PSYO 1012 (28)
Lecture

Dr. Stamp's Lecture 1 - Notes.docx

7 Pages
140 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYO 1012
Professor
Marty Leonard
Semester
Winter

Description
th Lecture 1 – Dr. Jennifer Stamp  Tuesday, February 4      , 201  Motivation – Goal Directed Behavior • A process that influences goal directed behavior o Direction (what is the behavior directed towards?) o Persistence  o Vigor (effort – what will an individual do to get to a particular goal?)  Can be simple: hunger ▯ food  Can be complex: ambition ▯ studying hard Perspectives on Motivation – What drives our drives? Several Views: 1. Instinct theory/Evolution psychology  2. Homoeostasis and drive theory – tries to explain the “how” drives work 3. Incentive and expectancy theory – helps to explain the variation of motivation behavior 4. Psychodynamic/humanistic theories  Instinct Theory Instinct  o Inherited characteristic o Preserved within a species  o Particular stimulus ▯ particular response o Fixed action pattern (doesn’t work particularly well since humans show variation in how they get to  their goals) • Instincts arose because they gave adaptive advantage o Those individuals that had those particular drives were better able to survive and pass on their  genes (instinct theory doesn’t really explain the “how” it happens) • Traits are passed through genes Homeostasis and Drive Theory Homeostasis • Maintaining constant internal environment  Drive • Internal condition that orients an individual towards a specific category of goals Maintaining homeostasis requires: 1. Detection (sensory apparatus) 2. Response system (both physiologically and behaviorally)   3. Control centre Regulatory drive – helps preserve homeostasis Nonregulatory drive – doesn’t help preserve homeostasis. Serves some other purpose.  Hypothalamus  Means “underneath the thalamus”  • Integrative centre (receives a lot of input from various parts of the body) • Receives input from: o Blood (glucose/salt levels, hormone levels) o External environment (light/dark cycle) o Higher limbic structures (mood) • Widespread projections (i.e. amygdala, brainstem) Incentive and Expectancy Theories • Incentives = reinforcers  (Reinforcers are rewards) • Drives push; incentives pull • Explains how drives can be strong without biological need o i.e. drug addiction, sex, chocolate • Incentives have value! o High value = strong drive o Low value = weak drive Expectancy x Value Theory • Expectancy explains why incentives do not have same pull for everyone • Expectancy theory based on two factors: 1. Strength of expectancy of goal  2. Value of goal (incentive value) • Motivation = Expectancy x Incentive Value i.e. final grade in this course READ up on extrinsic and intrinsic motivation in text. Psychodynamic and Humanistic Theories Psychodynamic (Freud) • Drives result of unconscious struggles  Impulse ▯▯ psychological defenses  For instance, we are born with instinctive drives. But we channel them into more acceptable  contexts.  • Disguised as socially acceptable behaviors (Aggression▯business) Humanistic • Focuses on drive for personal growth  We spend a lot of time engaged in motivated behavior to work 
More Less

Related notes for PSYO 1012

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit