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Lecture 12

Lecture 12 Oct. 5.docx

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PSYO 3280
Dr.Simon Sherry

Friday, Oct. 5 2012 PSYO 3280 Personality Psychology A Critical Analysis of Current Trait Theory (Pervin, 1994) EVIDENCE Cont... 3. Agreement among measures: How many factors? Still debate/ - Some people argue only for OCEAN big five. 4. Fundamental Lexical Hypothesis: Most important individual differences will be encoded in single terms in all languages. Cross-cultural replicability of Big Five, yet free responses show Americans use traits (context independent) and Indians use actions and social context to describe. - Suggests that if there are some basic dimensions/traits that characterize all personalities than all languages should have key words that describe people in these ways - Pervin says he wouldn’t be surprised if this were true. Especially of endo-european languages, but other languages may not have similar words.  There’s a difference between the way people from America use trait terms and people from India who use trait terms  People who grow up in an American-type culture are more likely to refer to trait terms to say someone has this characteristic/internal disposition and it is inherent in everything they do. Assumes this because America has a very individualist culture.  People from India may use trait terms but they may not necessarily may the same thing by a trait. Would say the person is showing the trait, rather than being an inherent trait of the individual, and th
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