Friday, Oct. 5 2012
A Critical Analysis of Current Trait Theory
3. Agreement among measures: How many factors? Still debate/
- Some people argue only for OCEAN big five.
4. Fundamental Lexical Hypothesis: Most important individual differences will be encoded in
single terms in all languages. Cross-cultural replicability of Big Five, yet free responses show
Americans use traits (context independent) and Indians use actions and social context to
- Suggests that if there are some basic dimensions/traits that characterize all
personalities than all languages should have key words that describe people in these
- Pervin says he wouldn’t be surprised if this were true. Especially of endo-european
languages, but other languages may not have similar words.
There’s a difference between the way people from America use trait terms
and people from India who use trait terms
People who grow up in an American-type culture are more likely to
refer to trait terms to say someone has this characteristic/internal
disposition and it is inherent in everything they do. Assumes this
because America has a very individualist culture.
People from India may use trait terms but they may not necessarily
may the same thing by a trait. Would say the person is showing the
trait, rather than being an inherent trait of the individual, and th