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PSYO 3280 Lecture Notes - Telling Stories, Chinese Room, Ontogeny

Course Code
PSYO 3280
Dr.Simon Sherry

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Monday, Sept. 17 2012
PSYO 3280
Personality Psychology
Barresi, On Becoming a Person
Paper is his criteria of what constitutes a person
- Barresi to discuss what makes a person a person / under what circumstances
should we attribute to something the characteristic person or personhood and gives
a number of criteria to the term person, and it is not just that we are human beings.
1. Constructed from organic material (p. 83)
Computers/robots might be functionally equivalent, but lack consciousness
- Describes Kasparov’s take on playing “Deep Blue,” the chess playing
Said it was hard for him to play a computer that was like “playing
against another person” due to its vast library of moves and ability to
“think about” and “rationalize” future chess moves
Although the computer did play in an “unhuman” manner because he
had to defeat the computer by playing chess moves that do not
necessarily make sense
Barresi states the computer lacks “awareness” of the other person,
and it is “behaving like a zombie... acting like a human but lacks
Turing test: behavioural equivalence ≠ person (cf. Searle’s Chinese room)
- Famous test that Allan Turing developed for a machine being given
intelligence and behaving like a person
- Would get someone to ask, blindly, questions to a computer and a person,
and would determine based on the responses which is actually a person
- Searle’s Chinese room
Computers are based on “rules,”
How does consciousness and self-consciousness emerge from organic matter?
2. Result of evolutionary adaptation
Complex social life
- cooperation/competition brain size
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