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Lecture 13

SOSA 2042 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Social Reproduction, Cultural Capital, Participant Observation

by

Department
Soc & Social Anthropology
Course Code
SOSA 2042
Professor
Prof.L.Du Bois
Lecture
13

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Life%History%as%a%Research%Method
Question%of%access5who%knows%there%they%are%
Vulnerability5understanding,%rapport%built%already
About%a%relationship%between%them
Why%did%MacLeod%use%life%histories%in%Part%3?%
Practical%concerns%
Produced%in%relation%to%the%person%collecting%the%oral%history
What%particular%characteristics%does%oral%history%have%as%a%research%method?%
Orality%Words++%*body%language5tells%if%it's%true%what%they're%telling%you,%or%
interviewer%nodding%or%encouraging%the%answer%
Eg.%Emoji5emotion%back%into%spoken%language%
Different%qualities,%repeat%themselves,%pause5significant%at%times%to%tell%you%
more%about%what%they%really%think.%
Way%they%deliver,%pace,%tone,%volume,%pauses5how%much%clean%it%up,%change%so%
it%reads%well.%Strip%away%whole%level%of%orality%when%turn%into%text.%
Learn%a%lot%when%just%sitting%down%with%someone.%5who%was%there,%anyone%else%
in%the%room%etc.%5
Temporality%
Multiple%whens%
Speaking%to%someone%at%a%particular%moment5feeling%good%at%the%time,%or%
feelings%bad5not%reproducible5different%feelings%at%different%times.%
Talking%about%the%past%from%present5eg.%What%we%think%about%our%lives%in%2000%
is%different%than%what%we%think%of%our%lives%in%2000%now.%
Talk%about%past%from%present5always%matters.%*past%present%relationship.%5
Characteristics%of%Life%Histories%(and%some%interviews)%
Produced%out%of%a%relationship%5
Oral%Histories%are%made%not%found%
What%are%these%sources%
What%difference%does%it%make%to%have%used%these%interviews?%
Comparison%with%other%kinds%of%methods%and%sources%
Content%)what%gets%covered)%
Form%(how%its%told)%5go%to%different%groups%of%people%to%see%their%perspective5
just%hang%out%with%them%maybe%not%even%interview%
How%is%or%might%that%data%produced%different?%
Gives%them%also%a%voice5tries%to%articulate%what%they%said%and%meant5gives%
them%more%of%a%place.%
Get%to%see%what%these%people%think%of%their%lives.%"narrative%truth"5truth%how%
people%see%it%which%can%also%be%significant%even%if%not%fully%true%5
What%might%the%method%highlight?%5their%understandings%of%the%world%and%how%it%
shaped%their%choices.%
May%leave%out5doubts%about%their%truthfulness5shame%they%may%feel%about%not%
making%it5leave%out%things%that%don't%reflect%well%on%them.%
Story%telling%on%part%of%the%interviewee5people%tell%story%with%point.%
Also%if%things%don't%go%so%well5tend%to%leave%it%out.%
Difference%of%who%you%pick.%*feel%more%true/%direct5but%that’s%a%bit%false.%
What%might%it%omit?%
Said%race%wasn't%an%issue%but%when%observing%he%saw%it%was%
Not%limited%to%point%of%view%of%people%who%is%he%interviewing%
Influence%of%others%on%them5captures%context,%interactions%
Participant%observation%allowed%him%to%see%if%he%just%did%as%interviews%
How%different%people%interpret%how%your%life%is%
Different%context5where%their%views%are%different
eg.%Saw%inside%the%school%
Things%that%people%aren't%conscious%of%that%they%do%
Choose%one%of%the%interviews%from%part%3%and%discusses%how%the%interview%you%
have%choose%supports%and%or%contradicts%macleods%arguments%about%social%
reproduction%in%the%united%states.%
Give%concrete%examples%to%support%your%points.%
Use%some%concepts:%race,%class,%cultural%capital,%habitus,%achievement%ideology
People%who%there%is%more%information%about%
Good%example%of%a%problem%you%want%to%talk%about%
Strategy%for%mid5term%
Tips:%ch.%14%analyses%these%interviews
LIFE%HISTORY%AS%A%RESEARCH%METHOD%
Why%did%MacLeod%use%life%histories%in%part%3?%
Practical%concerns%
What%particular%characteristics%does%oral%history%have%as%a%research%method?%
Produced%in%relation%to%the%person%collecting%the%oral%history%
CHARACTERISTICS%OF%LIFE%HISTORIES%(AND%SOME%INTERVIEWS)%
Orality%Words%++%
Temporality%multiple%whens%
Oral%histories%are%made%not%found%Produced%out%of%a%relationship%
Comparison%with%other%kinds%of%methods%&%sources%What%are%these%sources?%
What%difference%does%it%make%to%have%used%these%interviews?%
How%is%(or%might)%the%data%produced%different?%Content%(what%gets%covered)
Form%(how%its%told)
What%might%this%method%highlight?%
What%might%it%omit?%
Twenty'Five+Years+On+'The+Interviews
Thursday,% February%4,%2016
2:26%PM
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