Social Structure and Anomie
Merton used term "anomie" to describe social strain that occurred in
American society, when people were unable to attain the cultural goals of
success and wealth, because the institutional means weren't available.
Merton was saying that American society was "criminogenic"
Merton's Five Modes of Adaptation
Culture Goals Institutionalized Means
Conformity + +
Innovation + -
Ritualism - + Retreatism - -
Rebellion +/- +