Victim Precipitated Homicides
Wolfgang's (1985) study of murders in Philadelphia found that victims
precipitated their own murders 26% of the time
Victim may provoke their assailant by making verbal threats, striking the firt
blow, or producing a weapon, thus leading to retaliatory action.
Criminal Homicide as a Situated Transaction
1977 study of "Criminal Homicide as a Situated Transaction" by David
Luckenbill Examined 70 murders that occurred in one California country between
1963 and 1972
All these situated transaction occurred outside of work environment,
mostly during evenings and or/on weekends.
Took place in what might be described as "permissive or "informal"
environments, e.g, at parties, on street corners, in bars, or at home
Driving force behind the transactions described by Luckenbill was "loss of
face", real or i