Contraception & Abortion
Why use contraceptives?
Control health of baby and mother
Healthier when pregnancy is intended
What’s the best way?
o What does that mean?
Don’t do any genital touching
What’s the next best way?
o Talking with your partner about what works for BOTH of you
Combination oral pill
Monophasic vs. triphasic pills
o Monophasic – 21 days of hormone and its exact the same
o Triphasic – 3 weeks, 3 different hormone/pills Combination pills such as Yasmin and Alesse contain both estrogen and
progesterone, are taken for 21 days then 7 days of placebo (or no pills at
Seasonale provides 84 days of hormones then 7 days of placebo so the
woman gets her period only once in three months
3 ways it works
o Cervical mucous (thickens so it’s hard for sperm to get through)
o Endometrium (thins out, reduces length, creates less stable hostile
environment for zygote)
o Effectiveness (99%)
o Reduces cramps & menstrual flow
o Cost – if not covered under medical plans
o For women who only have intercourse once or twice monthly, may
be contraceptive “overkill”
o Effort to take them correctly o Possible side effects
o Provides no protection against STI
Hormones are delivered transdermally (through skin)
Typical-user failure rate: <1 percent
Same hormones as in combination pills
o Do not have to remember to take a pill every day, only to replace
o Falling off
Contraceptive Ring (Nuvaring)