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Growth and Development of Teenagers-feb0209.docx

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Langara College
NURS 1103

February 2, 2009 Growth and Development of Teenagers Physical Development  sexual maturation males and females  on average, teens add about 10 inches in height and about 40 pounds in weight  growth spurt ~ 24-36 months  boys  muscle growth, body, facial hair, reproductive organ o small amount of estrogen ~50% boys will have temporary breast enlargement o height gain: 4-12 inches between the ages of 10.5-16 years old o weight gain: 7-30 kg o stops growing at ~ 18-20 years olds  girls mature breast, uterus, and vagina  start of the menstrual cycle o height gain: 2-8 inches between the ages of 9.5-14.5 years old o weight gain: 7-25 kg o stops growing 2-2.5 years after first period Cognitive Development  Piaget’s Theory: The Formal Operational Stage (Piaget’s final stage) o Teens are capable of abstract thought and scientific thinking which means that concrete things and events are no longer required as objects of thoughts BUT they can come up with new and more general rules through internal reflection o 2 major feature of Formal Operational reason: 1. Hypothetico-Deductive Reasoning: teens think of all possible factors even those not suggested by concrete features of the situation, Then they try them out in a step-to-step fashion to find out which one works 2. Propositional Thinking: teens can evaluate the logic of verbal statements without referring to real-world circumstances. Emotional Development  major task for teens is to gain tolerance of their emotion by accepting their feelings and not interpreting them as “going crazy”  this is the level of emotional variability, moodiness and emotional outbursts  tend to encounter more negative events o ex. rough relationships with family, friends, significant other odealing with these events with greater emotions but emotionally less stable  For example, fear of gaining weight o girls have the view of themselves being overweight Psychosocial Erikson’s Theory: Identity vs Identity Confusion  achieving identity is the major task in personality achievement  teens who successfully resolve the psychological conflict of identity vs identity confusion will construct a solid self definition of who they are; which will consist of their chosen values and goals  teens experience an identity crisis-a temporary period of confusion and
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