DIFFERENTIAL OPPORTUNITY THEORY
· Developed by Cloward and Ohlin.
· Rooted in Merton’s strain theory, differential associated and in
· Cloward was Merton’s student at Columbia; Ohlin was
Sutherland’s student, and got his PhD from University of Chicago
· Cloward and Ohlin talked about “status discontentment”.
· What sort of illegitimate means are available if individuals lack
access to legitimate means through which to achieve culturally valued goals?
· How do delinquents choose one mode of adaptation over the
ILLEGITIMATE OPPORTUNITY STRUCTURES
· “Chicago School” addition to Merton’s strain theory
· Chicago School said delinquent subcultures emerge where there
are enough youths available to band together and reject
· Cloward and Ohlin described three different illegitimate
opportunity structures (or delinquent subcultures) that were differentially available to would-be delinquents
1) THE CRIMIN