PSYC 1115 Lecture Notes - Freudian Slip, Nomothetic, Iceberg

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Published on 19 Apr 2013
School
Langara College
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 1115
Professor
Page:
of 4
Psych 100
March 1, 2013
Personality
Personality: a person’s characteristic way of thinking, feeling, and acting. General
consistency over time. [the what approach]
a dynamic organization of systems that create these characteristics [the how
approach]
Theoretical approaches can roughly be divided
trail approach, humanism, other models like self [what approach]
psychodynamic and neofreudians, humanism(ish), behavioural and social
learning [how approach]
Nomothetic approach to understanding personality
identify general laws that govern behaviour of all
content [what] and/or development [how]
contrast: ideographic approaches which explain personality of one person
Psychoanalytic theory
father: Sigmund Freud
Freud used therapy and what his patients were saying to develop his theories
of personality
core assumptions of psychoanalytic theory:
1. Psychic determinism
all psychological events have unconscious cause: we don’t choose our actions.
No such thing as random behavior. All actions result of unconscious behaviour,
driven by needs such as sex and death
2. Symbolic meaning
no action is meaningless; they are always symbolic of something else
[unconscious desire/fear]
3. Unconscious motivation
the unconscious is origin of all psychic energy
Freudian slips: leaking unconscious motives
when it’s tied to sex or death [more often sex]
Main components of psychoanalytic theory:
structure of personality
stages of personality development
defense mechanisms
Structure of personality
iceberg common metaphor
above surface: conscious
at and just below the surface are preconscious, like memories. Not exactly in
conscious but can be pulled to conscious
underneath surface: unconscious. Very big, deep reservoir. Conflict. Anxiety.
the Id: acts on pleasure principle. Primary force driving in infancy. Controls all
drives and urges that need to be satisfied immediately, or tension will build.
Illogical. Language of dreams. The NOW component
the ego: acts on reality principle. Develops at around age 2. Constrains Id to
reality. The ego is developed to effectively expressive the Id impulses, how to
satisfy the Id while taking into account the external world. Rationality and logic.
Mediator between Id and Superego. Tells Id, ‘later’
the superego: the feature of personality developed under societal and parental
expectations, morality, value. Internalized morality and values. Develops around
age 5. Promotes self-conscious emotions. Like the Id, NOT bound by reality
Stages of healthy personality development
Oral, Anal, Phallic, Latency, Genital
Only Adults Play Love Games
chronologically set
oral: pleasure from eating
anal: ages 1.5-3pleasure from potty training
phallic: ages 3-6, realize gender, how to act

Document Summary

Personality: a person"s characteristic way of thinking, feeling, and acting. A dynamic organization of systems that create these characteristics [the how approach] Trail approach, humanism, other models like self [what approach] Psychodynamic and neofreudians, humanism(ish), behavioural and social learning [how approach] Identify general laws that govern behaviour of all. Contrast: ideographic approaches which explain personality of one person. Freud used therapy and what his patients were saying to develop his theories of personality. Core assumptions of psychoanalytic theory: psychic determinism. All psychological events have unconscious cause: we don"t choose our actions. All actions result of unconscious behaviour, driven by needs such as sex and death: symbolic meaning. No action is meaningless; they are always symbolic of something else. The unconscious is origin of all psychic energy. When it"s tied to sex or death [more often sex] At and just below the surface are preconscious, like memories. Not exactly in conscious but can be pulled to conscious.