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Lecture 5

PSYC 1215 Lecture 5: Psychology - Intelligence

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Langara College
PSYC 1215
Dan Nykon

Week 5 Intelligence: What does it mean to be intelligent? How do you know someone is / is not intelligent? DISCUSS -at least: to be effective and adaptable in you life How? i) Operations ii) Social Cognition ContemporaryApproaches to the study of Intelligence i) Operations: -Hypothesis re: how the mind works - sometimes called “cognitive-contextual theories” - two principal theorists: -Robert Sternberg -Howard Gardner Both very relevant NOW and this course (where have we talked about “operations” before?) -ch.5 - Jean Piaget Intelligence: How we engage our world with thought and action. Robert Sternberg (1990s-present) Triarchic Theory of Intelligence - developmental / cognitive Psychologist 3 interconnected aspects of intelligence 1. Academic /Analytic (components of thinking) Information processing functions a) Performance: info gathering, storage, retrieval, comparisons b) Knowledge acquisition: (data collection / evaluation (for a purpose) c) Meta-components: executive function - direct mental effort [(a) & (b)] to solve problems, monitor outcomes - reflect on work done (eg. quality, accuracy, coherence, relevance, usefulness, novelty…) (our work’s value to goals) 2. Practical -application of Analytic Intelligence to real situations / environments -having “street smarts” 3.Creative -using Analytical intelligence to adapt to novel situations / create situations / syntheses favourable to self THIS IS NOTAPASSIVE /AUTOMATIC PROCESS BUT IS DIRECTED BY PURPOSE / IS TRAINABLE How do these 3 aspects fit this course? *Ch.10 E-Handout - Robert Sternberg’s (2002) “Four Elements of Successful Intelligence Howard Garner (1980s—) - developmental / cognitive Psychologist Theory of Multiple Intelligences (autistic savant - small range of his life where he is a success - sold his art work for thousands at age 11) (incredible skill in one small specific area) -argues: existence of “multiple intelligences” which operate relatively independent of each other -accounts for why
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