Class Notes (810,889)
Canada (494,324)
Anthropology (590)
ANTH 222 (62)
Lecture 3

Lecture 3- Socio-Evolutionism

1 Page
Unlock Document

McGill University
ANTH 222
Ronald Niezen

disturb those definitions from last class a bit, see how they hold up to a certain foundational scrutiny test them agains the kind of global changes happening today, like the idea of having an ethnos at the foundation of ethnography and ethnology might not be as certain as it once was Niezen: “human rights have introduced to the world not just a body of universal norms to which states, in widely varying degrees, have committed themselves; they have also produced their own distinct legal anthropology, a body of rights-oriented knowledge that includes an understanding of the essence of humanity and the legitimate forms and categories of human belonging” what it is to be a woman, a child, an indigenous people all these categories of human belonging are part of law and decided upon in meetings in human rights in particular, a body of ideas that produce a distinct legal anthropology from the law itself what is the consequence of this idea that human rights processes are producing categories of belonging? it means we need to pay attention to the people who are producing these ideas and offer criticism, as we would to any other categorization of belonging, testing it and them Niezen: “Lawyers and bureaucrats are now among the savages of ethnological inquiry, and one of the newest research challenges is to observe in practice the connections between their thinking and the social orders they influence” Legal anthropology—anthropology of law the first is how law infiltrates anthropology, taking law as a kind of comparative subject, taking legal ideas to understand legal institutions and their differences the second is the development of laws, making the law itself that is inquiring into these other institutions, the law being the focal point of the inquiry must allow for a different kind of method, applying anthropology methods to legal institutions, participating with bureaucrats, looking how ppl dress and behave casting a wide net into the way an institution might work and develop different ideas 19thC First Classic of the Anth. of Law socio-evolutionism, jingoism (extreme nationalism), nationalism key ideas of the time influence from the revolutions, both political and economic political: French 1789 and American 1776 idea of society as progressive and subject to radical disruption idea of democracy, equality, freedom, optimism of victory, nationalism, jingoism (seen in the Terror of Fr. Rev.) Westward expansion in US principles of cataclysmic change in the organization of society politics of utopia and being born again nation-state becomes the primary instrument idea of progress public opinion as an arbiter of justice, populism in politics kings no longer decide public policy economic: industrial revolution economic idea of commerce, optimism and progress Wealth of Nations foundation for this industrial optimism (Adam Smith) conquest, colonial expansion, reaching out justifying colonial wars as a temporary measure that will lead to a global prosperity Socio-Evolutionism Charles Darwin: “In regard to the domestic animals kept by uncivilized man, it should not be overlooked that they almost always have to struggle for their own food, at least during certain seasons. And in two countries very differently circumstanced, individuals of the same species, having slightly different constitutions or structures, would often succeed better in the one country than in the other, and thus by a process of ‘natural selection’…two sub-breeds might be formed.” Herbert Spencer: “There is in society, as in every other part of creation, that beautiful self-adjusting principle, which will keep all its elements in equilibrium…so the attempt to regulate all the actions of a community by legislation will entail little else but misery and confusion.” argued that gov’t should not help the poor or interfere because survival of the fittest thought that primitive man was not able to offer anything significa
More Less

Related notes for ANTH 222

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.