CLAS 203 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Typhon, Twelve Olympians, Sky King

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CLAS203 Lecture 7 Notes
The Twelve Olympians (the Olympian Pantheon):
Zeus (sky king: justice)
Poseidon (sea)
Hephaestus (forge/fire)
Ares (war)
Apollo (prophecy)
Hermes (travellers)
Dionysus* (wine)
Hera (queen: family)
Demeter (crops)
Athena (wisdom)
Artemis (hunting)
Aphrodite (sexual attraction)
Hedes is not an Olympian because he does not dwell on Olympus, but rather the
Underworld. He is very influential on mortals because they all die and go to his domain
Hestia is the goddess of the hearth; sacred center of a home where the fire is kindled,
the women’s area of the house. As a result of her being a virgin, never has any fun,
never goes anywhere and only serves the function of presiding over banquets, she is not
considered part of the 12 Olympians
Consolidation of power:
The Olympians consolidate their power through three battles
Only Olympian born of a mortal woman (Semele)
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Document Summary

Only olympian born of a mortal woman (semele) Hedes is not an olympian because he does not dwell on olympus, but rather the. He is very influential on mortals because they all die and go to his domain. Hestia is the goddess of the hearth; sacred center of a home where the fire is kindled, the women"s area of the house. As a result of her being a virgin, never has any fun, never goes anywhere and only serves the function of presiding over banquets, she is not considered part of the 12 olympians. The olympians consolidate their power through three battles: titanomacy. Hecatonchires and cyclopes rescued from tartarus to help. Punishments: titans thrown into tartarus, atlas (n. africa) supports the heaven, typhonomachy. Battle with zeus: various versions: zeus fights alone, zeus aided by hermes. Hades: underworld (therefore, not one of the 12 olympians)

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