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Lecture 17

CLAS 203 Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Etiology, Homeric Hymns, Actaeon


Department
Classics
Course Code
CLAS 203
Professor
Margaret Palczynski
Lecture
17

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CLAS203 Lecture 17 Notes
Athena:
Also known as Minerva (Roman)
Always has her war gear, her helmet, shield, spear
Non-Greek origin
Early arrival in Greece (Linear B tablets)
Virgin goddess
Symbols: owl, serpent (at feet, on shield), aegis (goat skin pad)
Norn from Zeus’ head – deification of wisdom
Teacher of arts weaving
o Carpentry (shipbuilding Jason’s Argo)
o Taming and training of horses
o Inventor of the flute
Protectress of the hero
o Perseus (son of Danae) kills the Gorgon (Medusa)
o Jason (son of Aeson) the Golden Fleece
o Bellerophon tames flying horse Pegasus
o Achilles (son of Peleus) Trojan War
o Odysseus (son of Laertes) Trojan War
Goddess of war: spear, helmet, shield
o On shield, aegis, Gordon’s head
Epithets
o ‘glaukopis’ – ‘grey/keen/owl-eyed’
o Pallas Athena Tritogenia
(Palladium) Odysseus, Diomedes
Athena and Arachne
Minerva: Italian deity, introduced by Etruscans
Armed woman, original war goddess?
Shared festival with Mars
Goddess of activities of mental skill (*men-)
Artemis:
Other name is Diana (Roman)
Twin to Apollo
‘Mistress of Animals’
Birth on Ortygia (Delos)
Goddess of chastity, huntress: pitiless
Silver bow, deer
Myths:
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