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Lecture 6

CLAS 206 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Antonio Gramsci, Reinhart Koselleck, Anachronism


Department
Classics
Course Code
CLAS 206
Professor
Lynn Kozak
Lecture
6

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CLAS 206 – Lecture 5 – January 28 th
As defined in the influential writings of the Italian Marxist, Antonio Gramsci (1891-1937)
common sense is the embedded and spontaneous beliefs and assumptions characterizing the
conformist thinking of the mass of people in a given social order
Common sense is established by a process of consent to ruling class attitudes and interests
which are thereby accepted by society at large as being in its own general interests. …
Power of a Movie
-slice of reality
>we know it’s entertainment and not real life, but at the same time the nature and
power of the medium makes it real
→ because of how it transforms into a hyperreal situation
→ we take it as a slice of reality
→ alters perception of life
-conscious rejection of the story of cinema but an ideological recognition of approx
reality
>we want to accept it as part of our every day circumstances
>film makers recognize this power
>all films try to make an ideologically motivated reality
>we don’t accept as true reality but as an approx reality
-idealization of stereotypes
>we owe films to the construction of many of our stereotypes
>stereotypes about certain ways of life, cultures, society, countries
>reinforces this idea of an approx reality
>as a consequence, we unconsciously engage in such processes
>we create these processes too
→ e.g. talking about the American Dream creates the approx reality
→ same thing with movies = what is the reality? Should this be our
reality?
-embedded within overarching context
>context easily identified
>context doesn’t provide a certain kind of reality
>movies are subjective views of reality
>approx reality is a production of our ideals
>when we produce movies, we produce our ideal view/ideology of certain
events
-ideology of the movies
>ideologies of a family, of changing values, of historical movements
→ e.g. movies on changes in racist views
→ e.g. movies on gender
→ e.g. movies on sexuality
→ movies reflect the changing values of the system, what is
acceptable or not?
→ movies make ideological statements
-reshaping consciousness
>important to recognize this power
>acts as a catalyst of certain kinds of psychological consciousness
→ consciousness about social relations
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