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Lecture 19

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Department
Classics
Course
CLAS 203
Professor
Margaret Palczynski
Semester
Fall

Description
CLAS203 Lecture 19 Notes Dionysus:  Resistance: o Argos: King Proetus and his daughter, the Proetids  Similar to the daughters of Minyads. The Proetids are driven mad and think they are cows. They go out into the wilderness and start feasting on infants and finally two gets reclaimed. o Attica (Icarium): Icarius (not Icarus!), Erigone, Maera  Dionysus is hosted by Icarius in Attica. Dionysus rewards Icarius by telling him the secret of making wine. Icarius puts this knowledge into practice and decides to share the wine with all the other inhabitants. The other inhabitants in Attica think Icarius is trying to poison him so they kill Icarius. Icarius’ daughter Erigone, and her dog Maera, go to search for Icarius’ body. Upon finding it, in despire, Erigone and Maera commit suicide. Dionysus afflicts the area with famine and with madness. It takes the intervention of the king of Athens to punish the murderers before the madness leaves and the women become fruitful again. o Thebes: Tiresias, Cadmus, Pentheus, Agave (Baccae by Euripides)  Dionysus wants to go home and visit his home city. He goes to Thebes and has two goals: to establish himself as a god to be worshipped and to punish the sisters of Semele for spreading rumours about her, particularly Agave. Dionysus comes with a group of his followers, the Baccae, and encourages the people of Thebes to worship him. Some women and men are very much in agreement to join the Baccae. Tiresias, the prophet, and Cadmus, the aging King of Thebes are part of Dionysus followers. Cadmus passed on the throne to his son, Pentheus, who does not want anything to do with worshipping Dionysus is on the verge to calling the army to get back the women who have gone out to worship Dionysus. A young boy appears in Pentheus’ courtroom who warns him that the god should not be opposed and is dangerous. The boy tells Pentheus to accept the god, but instead of accepting the offer, Pentheus has the boy chained. Following the act, there is an earthquake and the palace is in ruins; the only thing remained standing is the prison where the young boy was. Warning Pentheus the second time, Pentheus agrees to go see what the women who were worshipping Dionysus were doing. Pentheus’ mother, Agave, and other sisters rip the king from the tree and rip him to shreds as if he was a wild beast. Bringi
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