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Lecture

EDEE 280 Lecture Notes - John Graves Simcoe, Elite Daily, Lower Canada


Department
Elementary Education
Course Code
EDEE 280
Professor
Paul Zanazanian

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Class 14: The British Presence in Canada Leading up to the War of 1812: Politics and
Society
Upper Canada, 1791-1812
o Loyalist immigration went to NS & On (Great Lakes)
o John Graves Simcoe (1752-1806)
1st lieutenant governor (1791-1796)
wanted to increase immigration
wanted to maintain power so offered land to those who would be
loyal to him they became elite
settled in York (Toronto)
o daily life
majority lived in country
children in private schools
women = perfect housewives
charity important
Lower Canada, 1791-1812
o Loyalists (merchants) & English-speaking (minority) elite in Quebec
20 000 settled in English townships
from New England
o the timber trade
became the new oil industry
invested in this to make money
purchased seigneuries due to that
1770 74% exports from fur trade
1810 74% exports from timber
o the French speaking majority
rise of professional elite
daily life
Parti Canadien
supported seigniourial system
assemble = way to protect land & language
factors leading to the War of 1812
o 2 British provocations
naval blockade limited American (officially neutral) trade with
France
disregard of American sovereignty & neutrality rights (British would
stop Americans & search vessels)
o the Chesapeake-Leopard (American boat) Affair of 1807
Americans thought if attacked Canada, could attack England due to
colony
the War of 1812 in Upper Canada: some main actors & events
o General Isaac Brock (1769-1812)
aims:
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