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EDEE 280 Lecture Notes - Microelectronics, Deterritorialization

Elementary Education
Course Code
EDEE 280
Paul Zanazanian

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EDEE 280 Geography, History and Citizenship Education Paul Zanazanian Winter 2013
Class 25: Globalization: Its Breadth and Width in the World
defining globalization
o “a multidimensional process that generates profound economic, environment, social,
communication, entertainment and educational interactions between people of
different countries, races, ethnicities, and languages that cross national boundaries”
sharing through interaction
languages change and transform through time Spanglish
o “a long term historical process of ever-increasing integration among societies on a
global scale. this integration occurs through trade; exchange of customs, values,
knowledge and beliefs; and as a result of conflict and war. globalization occurs at a
rising frequency, decreasing the barriers of time and space”
the world is becoming smaller
o “a dramatic acceleration of international trade made possible by improved transport
and communications
o the “spread of a common world culture, with the prospect of societies converging and
becoming very much the same in nature and operation”
o “the intensification of world-wide social relations which link distant localities in such a
way that local happenings are shaped by events occurring many miles away
o main aspects of globalization
the core/substructure
there is a small group of people that have a lot of power
three central dimension
economic/financial economic freedom & free trade ensures the
spread of goods, norms, etc.; it is interdependent
scientific/technological innovations in communications (computers,
iphones, etc.), biotechnology (hormones in vegetables, synthetic drugs)
& microelectronics (microchips)
interdependence of the different dimensions of globalization
increase in technology = increase in capital = increase in control
it’s impacts on social organization
cultural standardization of culture (eating products, clothing,
celebrities, haircuts, etc.), diversification of culture (world is growing
smaller so increase in migration so increased multiculturalism),
resistance of diversification
segmentation those that globalize, those who are globalized and
those that are poor so they are left out from globalization
four core facets
internalization national economies become dependent
universalization spreading on cultural knowledge and experiences
de-territorialization transformation of corporations
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