EDER 524 Lecture Notes - Israelites, Mishnah, Halakha

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5 Feb 2013
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Insider and Outsider perspective
Learning to be objective but is there only one truth?
Religious people speak from experience and outsider view is considered the scholarly view and
secularization of the older views thus the difference religious vs. Secular study of religion
East and west
Although there is no borderline the east is considered to be religions that contain sages and
teachers with insight and western contain prophets with revelations
Readings Pg 71-157
The Rabbinic Movement
The second temple collapsed and power no longer rested with priests but rabbis (leader,
master, teacher and legal specialists) and they wanted unified community to practice their law (rabbinic
Judaism ( and it was not hereditary but handed interpretation of law to an educated class open to
anyone seeking education and today Jews are rabbinic Jews and temple services are transformed into
and recorded in synagogue.
The Synagogue
Synagogues served as a place of assembly, study and prayer
Torah became the niche (eternal lamp) to be read in synagogues
Six panted star called Magen David is in synagogues
Scripture and commentary
Five scrolls of the law (400 BCE) ascribed by Moses but completed afterwards 200 BCE (2
collections, law and prophets) and later development of sacred writings
Midrash (see review quiz terms) exact definition
Repentance
Circles the concept of God forgiving if one repents
Procedure of repentance is person admitting to have done something wrong, true and honest
sorrow for action and promise to never repeat action
Compensation to person that became hurt is still due (or capital punishment) and God accepts
repentance because God knows intention
Rabbinic literature outlines religious law rather than religious ideology
Commandments for Jews and Genitles
613 commandments (interpretations of Torah with these commandments to be followed)
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