RELG271 Lecture 4: Lecture 4 - Constructing Sexualities

49 views2 pages
21 Oct 2015
Course
Professor

For unlimited access to Class Notes, a Class+ subscription is required.

Sexual Ethics – Constructing Sexualities
-“If sexuality is, as I believe, about the choice rather than destiny, then the issue of what
we choose and how and why we do so becomes central to the debate” Jeffrey Weeks,
“Values, whose Values?”
1. Martha Nussbaum – Capabilities Approach
-Nussbaum’s philosophy greatly influenced by Aristotle
-Political liberalism as the solution to conflict in society
-We set an overlapping consensus – a set of norms unanimously agreed upon even if they
are preferred for different reasons (e.g. CCRF Christians and Buddhists agree)
-Concern for freedom of conscience – right to believe what one wishes in regard to
religion and sexuality
-Capabilities = opportunities to choose and act
-“What are people actually able to do and to be?”
-Striving to shape one’s own life
-Individual yet cooperative choice
-Active > passive balance necessary to achieve “really human living”
-Problems of groups
-Minimum threshold
-10 central human capabilities:
-Life
-Bodily health
-Bodily integrity
-Senses, imagination, thought
-Emotions
-Practical reason
-Affiliation
-Other species
-Play
-Control over one’s (political & material) environment
2. Sexuality and the Cultivation of Humanity
-Education for democratic citizenship – problem of unreflective citizen, goal of informed
(not ignorant) choice
-Social Construction – learning is social shaped, emotions entail good deal of learning
-Addresses problematic suspicion of sex research
-5 Areas of social construction:
-Sexual behaviour – societies shape norms of behaviour
-Norms: A) Norms about sexuality itself that shape experience (good vs. evil/
balance of both). B) Norms about evaluations within the category (e.g. what is
desirable or undesirable)
-Categories – basic sexual categories undergo social shaping
-Placement of individuals within the categories – maleness and femaleness
(external markings); heterosexuality and homosexuality (no markers)
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class