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EDEE 280 (32)

Class 22

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McGill University
Elementary Education
EDEE 280
Paul Zanazanian

Class 22: Quebec Nationalists Take Action: The October Crisis, the Parti Quebecois, and Bill 101  background context o defining nationalism  the nation  central concern of political loyalty and the only goal deserving pursuit  based on set of beliefs about nation & its perceived character  a territorial relation of collective self-consciousness of actual or imagined duration  a community of kinship, specifically a bounded, territorially extensive, temporally deep community of nativity o assessing Quebec nationalism (1970s)  some causes  started with the quiet revolution  theories  put forth by political scientists & have economic roots o the quiet revolution had initiated changes that would improve the socioeconomic conditions of French conditions that would let them take control of the economy  many believe the quiet revolution didn’t deliver on this o rather, quiet revolution did deliver on economic promises on advancements for French Canadians and the divide between French & English narrowed o radical theory  imperial powers wanted to separate so said that Quebec was colonized by English Canadians & they were relegated to the level of working class; they had to fight & liberate themselves from nationalism & English domination; had to free the state of its colonial bonds  demographics o at start of Quiet Revolution, Pearson realized trouble was brewing in Quebec o Francophones outside Quebec @ great risk for being assimilated  previously more closed, & stayed within own group; maintained their vitality through a high birth rate o aging population o changes in urbanization, increased immigration lead to greater cultural diversity  historical narratives o “French Canadians basically struggling to stay alive”  3 elements: French law, French society, French language o British Conquest led to struggles with French Canadians  3 elements: family, faith, land o neonationalist thinkers said Quebec development diverted due to the Conquest which stunted their growth, British ruling & Catholic church were in cahoots together; if not for conquest & corruption, would have been an independent country by now  3 elements: common history, common culture, common language  other factors o Francophones though confederation bad  time to separate o growing sense of pride in French Canadians & ability to take care of themselves  2 main features  the quest for autonomy  language 
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