Atlantic Canada .odt

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5 Apr 2012
Atlantic Canada
New Brunswick
Prince Edward Island
Nova Scotia
Physiographic Regions
Canadian shield (labrador)
Appalachian Uplands
From these we get fish, forests (new Brunswick) and minerals
Physical Attributes
5.5% of area of Canada
Appalachian Uplands
very old terrain
it has been flattened by the environment (wind, snow, ice, water)
Continental Shelf (400km offshore)
Potentially a very productive fishery
They are now searching for petroleum in Newfoundland and Natural Gas in Nova Scotia
Main air masses originate in the Interior of North America, gulf of Mexico and North Atlantic
Atlantic climatic zone (includes hot, moist air masses from Gulf of Mexico
Subarctic zone is milder inland
Arctic zone: Labrador current chills coastline
Little arable land
St-John river valley
Annapolis valley
Atlantic Ocean that links provinces together and to foreign countries (Western Europe)
Isolated from Canada's Core
closer ties to New England
New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland/Labrador
just under 7% of the population of Canada
1949, Atlantic Canada constituted 11.6% of the nation's population
slow population increase and large out-migration (little in-migration)
recent major decline and then rebound in populations of Newfoundland/Labrador and New
Mainly due to new mining industry in the two provinces
From 1996 to 2008 Atlantic Canada lost over 48 000 residents
Original settlers were British, french and German
Population lives mainly in the south, north holds less than 5% of the population
settlements are dispersed along the coastline
inland communities situated around mineral and forest resources
Least urbanized region in Canada
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