HIST 205 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Spartan Hegemony, Antalcidas, Lechaio

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23 Jul 2016
Department
Course
1. Week 5(2015-09-30)
Pericles >> Athens = Model/Education (Before and After the Peloponnesian
war)
XENOPHON: (430-354 BCE) – General, Historian, Philosopher
1. Wrote the Hellenica(History of Greece from 411 to 362)  Picked off
after Thucydides.
2. Among the 3 well-known Historians: Thucydides, Herodotus,
himself.
3. Was Exiled… Become an officer in a mercenary group(Persian)  He
wasn’t against the Greeks.
Battle of Cunaxa: Persian Leader Died…
4. Xeonphon’s Journery in Persia..
5. “Anabasis”(expeditions) March back Home(Greece).
6. He also fought for the Spartans  Was rewarded for his efforts and
Retired there.
SPARTAN HEGEMONY (404-371)
7. 4th and 5th Century: Similar characteristic. There was Warfare.
8. Minor Polis(Disputed over Grain fields) and brought in Sparta(“Big
Player”)
CORINTHIAN WAR (395-387)
9. Sparta vs. Thebes
10. Athens
11. Corinth
12. Argos (supported by Persia)
Battle of Lechaeum 391:
13. Spartans were defeated by Peltasts.
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