Lecture 5: Nuclear Arms and Space Race 4/17/2013 8:55:00 PM
Terms: Pugwash, NATO, Able Archer, Chernobyl, Carl von Clausewitz, Andrei
Sakharov, Elugelab, Nikita Khrushchev, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Georgii
Malenkov, Mikhail Gorbachev, Suez, Sputnik, Richard Nixon, John F.
Kennedy, LBJ, Luna, NASA
Nuclear weapons and nuclear power plants both rely on the power
of the atom. Controlled power production vs. uncontrolled atomic
1986 – Chernobyl nuclear plant exploded.
Produce extreme heat, obvious, radiation, a shock wave and a blast
Burns, radiation poisoning, extreme physical trauma, magnetic
shockwave eliminates modern technology
o Radiation-contaminated dirt pollutes air, food and water
o Enters the system, can produce cancer
Americans dropped atomic bombs on japan using a parachute and
an altitude device to that the bombs would explode in the air and
the shockwave would have a wider reach.
During WWII – ‘block buster’ and fire bombs.
Hiroshima and Nagasaki – less deaths than fire bombings of Tokyo,
o atomic bomb (fission bomb), split atoms at the high end of
the periodic table
o H-bombs/hydro bombs/thermonuclear bombs (fusion bombs),
first successfully tested in 1952 in America, followed by the
soviet union, great Britain and France,
August 1945 – Little Boy on Hiroshima and Fat Man on Nagasaki.
Truman did not know that much about the bombs. Transferred
authority over these weapons from military to civilian control,
preventing the military from using such weapons without civilian
consent. Weapons should not be permitted to destroy what they
were created to protect? War as an extension of politics, and not a
means unto itself. Stalin saw nukes as good diplomatic tools, set out to eliminate
America nuclear monopoly. Truman admin set out to create the H-
bomb. Advisors said i