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Lecture 5

Lecture 5- Nuclear Arms and Space Race.docx

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Department
History
Course
HIST 304
Professor
Charlie Sharpe
Semester
Winter

Description
Lecture 5: Nuclear Arms and Space Race 4/17/2013 8:55:00 PM Terms: Pugwash, NATO, Able Archer, Chernobyl, Carl von Clausewitz, Andrei Sakharov, Elugelab, Nikita Khrushchev, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Georgii Malenkov, Mikhail Gorbachev, Suez, Sputnik, Richard Nixon, John F. Kennedy, LBJ, Luna, NASA Nukes  Nuclear weapons and nuclear power plants both rely on the power of the atom. Controlled power production vs. uncontrolled atomic reaction.  1986 – Chernobyl nuclear plant exploded.  Produce extreme heat, obvious, radiation, a shock wave and a blast wave.  Burns, radiation poisoning, extreme physical trauma, magnetic shockwave eliminates modern technology o Radiation-contaminated dirt pollutes air, food and water o Enters the system, can produce cancer  Americans dropped atomic bombs on japan using a parachute and an altitude device to that the bombs would explode in the air and the shockwave would have a wider reach.  During WWII – ‘block buster’ and fire bombs.  Hiroshima and Nagasaki – less deaths than fire bombings of Tokyo, more efficient.  Two types: o atomic bomb (fission bomb), split atoms at the high end of the periodic table o H-bombs/hydro bombs/thermonuclear bombs (fusion bombs), first successfully tested in 1952 in America, followed by the soviet union, great Britain and France,  August 1945 – Little Boy on Hiroshima and Fat Man on Nagasaki. Truman did not know that much about the bombs. Transferred authority over these weapons from military to civilian control, preventing the military from using such weapons without civilian consent. Weapons should not be permitted to destroy what they were created to protect? War as an extension of politics, and not a means unto itself.  Stalin saw nukes as good diplomatic tools, set out to eliminate America nuclear monopoly. Truman admin set out to create the H- bomb. Advisors said i
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