Class Notes (836,628)
Canada (509,866)
History (1,443)
HIST 390 (8)
Lecture

Lecture: Myths and Models (Lecture January 10, 2013)

5 Pages
36 Views
Unlock Document

Department
History
Course
HIST 390
Professor
Margaret Carlyle
Semester
Winter

Description
Lecture: Myths and Models (Lecture January 10, 2013) Periodisation • How do historians approach the past ◦ time ▪ obviously ◦ place/space ▪ like Russian or French Revolution ◦ people ▪ think Napoleon, or writers and intellectuals, the age of Queen Victoria ◦ ideas/themes/tropes/"zeitgeist' ▪ the spirit of an age (Age of Reason, Scientific Revolution) ◦ "our" period = 1643-1715 & 1715-1789 The French Wars of Religion 1562-1598 (or 1629?) • Hundred Years War 1337-1453 ▪ between France and England ▪ dynastic dispute ▪ King William the Conqueror also Duke of Normandy (so he owed homage to the French King) ▪ French ended up victorious • Catholic vs. Protestant ◦ extended period of civil war ◦ lots of military activity ◦ French Calvinist Protestants = Huguenots • Bourbon vs. Guise ◦ house of Bourbon is ruling family since 16thC France ▪ controlled Spain, Italy, Naples, and Parma ◦ house of Guise is behind the wars of religion ▪ ardent champions of the Catholics ▪ wanted to expunge Protestants from France • St. Bartholomew's Day massacred 1572 ◦ killing of Huguenot leaders by Catholics ◦ resulted in mob violence against Huguenots ◦ took place four days after royal marriage between King's sister Margaret and Henry III (became Henry IV) ◦ ripe opportunity for Catholics to attack because so many Protestants would be there for the wedding • Edict of Nantes ◦ 1598 ◦ issued by Henry IV ◦ some measure of tolerance for Huguenots ◦ gave temporary end to fighting, but rebellion resurged • Edict of Alès ◦ 1629 ◦ tolerance towards Huguenots Henry IV (1553-1610) • AKA Henry of Navarre • originally a Catholic, but became a Protestant • to be King, you had to be Catholic, so he converted back ◦ "Paris is well worth a Mass"-Henry IV • "Royal touch" ◦ curing the "king's evil" (scrofula) ▪ similar to TB Louis XIII (r. 1610-1643) + Cardinal Richelieu (1624-1643) • became the right-hand man of Louis XIII • governed Louis more than Louis governed France • "chief minister" (seen as first Prime Minister in Europe) • consolidated royal power, bringing it all branches of government to Paris • sought to keep power of nobles in check French involvement in 30 Years' War (1618-1648) • about issues in Holy Roman Empire • turned into dispute between Bourbon House and Habsburg House (ruled over Central Europe) • involved series of interventions by outside countries like the Danes, the Swedes, and the French • French interventions at their height in the mid 1630s • came late to the game because Richelieu saw Habsburgs' growing power as a potential threat to the the French • Treaty of Westphalia, brokered by the French, concluded the 30 Years' War Académie Française (1635) • pre-eminent institution on matters of the French language • harmonized different dialects from different regions • known as the 40 Immortals • during French Rev., crushed ◦ seen as symbol of the crown Minority Kings (again) AKA The Regency • The Fronde (1648-1653) ◦ period during which popular discontent with monarchy turned into violent outbreaks agains the crown (including regents) ◦ Mazarin tried to prevent the violence from spiralling through taxation ▪ impose taxes on people who try to build houses outside of Paris city walls ▪ way of asserting his power ◦ considered a French civil war ▪ 1st Fronde: Parlement vs. government (crown) ▪ 2nd Frond: broadened to include nobles vs government (crown) • Anne of Austria (1601-1666) ◦ regent during Louis XIV early reign ◦ highly influenced by Mazarin • Louis XI
More Less

Related notes for HIST 390

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit