Class Notes (835,374)
Canada (509,147)
History (1,443)
HIST 390 (8)

Lecture- Religious Tensions (to 1715).docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

HIST 390
Margaret Carlyle

Lecture: Religious Tensions (to 1715) Background Themes • crisis of religious authority (16-17thC) ◦ fragmentation of Christendom--Reformation ◦ religious wars ◦ mysticism and interior faith ◦ splinter sects ("chrétiens sans église") • need to define and defend orthodoxy ◦ Catholic Reform (Counter-Reformation) ▪ Council of Trent ▪ commission of cardinals who met to initiate Church reforms 1545-1563 ◦ persecution of heresy ▪ against the unfaithful ▪ get people to convert or flee ◦ intolerance of religious minorities • religion and politics in Europe 1685-1715 ◦ origins of Enlightenment ◦ criticism of Louis XIV's religious policy ◦ Protestants (Pierre Bayle), Jansenists ▪ separation of Church from politics idea ▪ toleration and co-existence of multiple beliefs ◦ religious sphere and political sphere overlap Religion in Ancien Régime • church as organizing force ◦ Roman Catholicism ◦ life cycle ◦ reading public ◦ cultural + economic/political force ◦ two "Romes" in France (Bell) ▪ RCC ▪ Roman (classical) Antiquity French Gallican Church • The French Catholic Church claims authority for itself • Asseblée de Clergé (bishops of France) • Gallican doctrine (uses conciliar theory against Papal claims) • Council of Trent not formally ratified • 1682 Louis XIV's Gallican articles • Ecumenical Council ◦ takes power from Pope for governing body, composed of French bishops • opposition to Gallicanism is Ultramontan
More Less

Related notes for HIST 390

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.