INTD 200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 20: Nato Parliamentary Assembly, European Development Fund

25 views5 pages
Lecture 20: Regional Bodies
12/16/12 9:22 AM
Article 52: nothing in the present charter precludes the existence of regional
agreements dealing with such matters as peace and security
Must be consistent with the UN
Article 103: In the event of a conflict between the members of the UN under
the present charter and under any other regional organization, the UN
charter takes precedent
European Regional Organizations
Council of Europe (Human Rights)
o 1949
o almost the whole continent is involved
o before the ICCP and ICESC
o adopted a legally binding treaty on human rights in 1953
o European convention on Human Rights
o Have a parliamentary assembly
o The most effective human rights body in the world (as per
o 5 major protocols
! abolition of capital punishment
o 47 members
European Union
o First established as an economic body under the Paris Treaty
o 27 members (all are also members of the Council of Europe)
o 28 members in 2013 " Croatia
o 23 official languages
o 1989: Charter of Fundamental Rights for Workers " came in
force 2009
o Eurozone: 1999, 17 members
o Conditions for Admissions
! Have stable democratic institutions
! Respect for minorities
! Working market economy
! Capacity to cope with competition in the EU
! Ability to adhere to the economic and political standards
of the EU
! Must abolish the death penalty
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 5 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
o European Council: the basic body that makes the basic
o The European Commission: the executive branch, 27
members (one from each country)
o European Court of Justice: deals with any treaty adopted by
the EU
o EU Central Bank, EU Monetary Institute
o Development
! 1975: Lomé Convention
! Africa, Caribbean, Pacific
! Disaster Relief
! ECHO: European Development Fund
OSCE: acts as a bridge between western, eastern and eastern Asia
NATO: military defense organization
o North Atlantic Assembly
o No human rights mandate
o If any NATO country is attacked, all other NATO countries will
come help
OECD: economic development
o 32 members
o No human rights mandate
o Headquartered in Paris
American Regional Organizations
o Pan American Union: tried to work out problems between
countries in the Americas
o 4 Pillars
! Promotion of Democracy
! Promotion of Human Rights
! Prevent War
! International Development
o Human Rights
! American Declaration on the Rights and Duties of Man
! 1960: Inter-American Commission for Human Rights
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 5 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.