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Green Revolution, Science, and Development

2 Pages

International Development
Course Code
INTD 200
Karen Mc Allister

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Green Revolution, Science, and Development Green Revolution - 1960s: describes modernization in agricul, tech change of tradit agricul practices in developing nats - CGIAR (Consultative Group on International Agriculture Research) - 1 were IRRI (1960) + CIMMYT - 16 still focusing food crops, now other things like fisheries, crops for marginal areas - Grew out of concerns about famine b/c growing pops in 50s, 60s + early 70s (Malthusian concept) - Also est in Cold War era - Idea of need to feed pop or else have ppl moving into Communism - Sci research on key food crops (rice, wheat, corn) to increase yields - Establishment of research organisations/centres focused on specific food crops  1960: International Rice Research Institute  Focus on plant breeding, soil management, irrigation sys, pest management - Attracted research scientists all over world - Scientists working on diff aspects of production for main food crops - Humanitarian goals: increase yield to prevent famines, food shortages - Transfer of Technology (ToT) - New technologies for crop devel est by scientists in these research centres - Distrib to farmers in devel’g nats through national agricul research centres + extension services - Top down development model - Diff fr/participatory approach, where have farmers also involved in tech + devel - Green Rev: development of new high yielding varieties of these specific crops - Established through conventional plant breeding - High yielding varieties = dwarf (short w/strong stocks, lots of grain production)  Responsive to fertilizers, less photo-sensitive (grow diff seasons), shorter maturation times  S/bred to be resistant to certain pests + diseases  S/bred to be desirable for cooking + taste - Problem: transformation of entire agricul sys  These varieties grow well under certain environ condits  Req irrigation, fertilizers, more sensitive to poorer soils + certain kinds of pests  Developing smaller # varieties suited to a more homogenous agricul sys  In condits where environ are complex/marginal, a lot of tradit varieties of main crops are better suited  Green Rev really took off in areas which were more standard/fertile B
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