MUAR 392 Lecture Notes May 10 th
Beginning of Funk Fulfillngness‟ First Finale, Keys in the
Key of Life
Style Change: Rhythm becomes Both men, heterosexual and though
dominant musical parameter have gone through the Motown make-
o Melodic instruments played over school, now remade as artists in
percussively Rock Sense
o Loosely-organized melody over
single-chord riff Chapter 29: Surf Music/Beach Boys
o Reduced harmonic movement –
stay on one chord for long What is it? Musical genre originating
stretched among the Californian surfer community;
Listen to “Papa‟s got a Brand New Bag” at first largely instrumental, e.g. Dick
(1965) Dale and the Del-tones, following R&R
o Form instrumentals of the Ventures, Duane
Listen to “Cold Sweat” (1967) Eddy, etc.
o Further radicalization of Strongly associated with use of Fender
embryonic funk style solid-body electric guitars, with brighter
more “biting” tone than other electric
James Brown Continued guitars as well as presence of tremolo
arms (“Whammy bars”) and Fender
Even less harmonic movement than amplifiers with heavy use of built-in
“Papa‟s...” no 12-bar blues form! Only reverb; not surprisingly, Fender based in
shift to subtonic, bVII for “chorus/bridge” southern California
Strong emphasis on “the One” – the first What was its social impetus? Why did
beat in each bar of 4/4 music California of all place become so
All instruments, and often voice as well, significant?
used rhythmically Listen to “Walk, Don‟t Run” (1960)
First “break” for drummer – very o What‟s the form?
influential on development of hip-hop Instrumentation
See Youtube Clip “Sex Machine” o Compare Dick Dale‟s version of
Warwich Reading: Motown Continued o What‟s unique about it?
Why no girl groups at Stax? What does The Beach Boys
Warwick see as key issue in role of
women performers in 1960s? What is their style? Rock & Roll rhythms
Why does she think the Supremes have with very polished vocal harmonies, call
often been dismissed as “trivial” in and response
comparison to the Beatles and Dylan? Listen to “Surfin USA” (1963)
What do such dismissals tell us about o Form?
o What about vocals?
the construction of music history?
Who are critically acclaimed Motown o What‟s the relation between
stars? Marvin Gaye & Stevie Wonder – lead and backup?
why? Listen to „Sweet Little Sixteen” (1957)
1971 – Marvin Gaye releases What‟s o Notice anything?
Going On, politically driven concept
album. The Beach Boys: Pet Sounds (1966)
1972 – Stevie Wonder re-negotiates One of the first rock & roll concept
contract to acquire full creative control
over his music, higher royalty rate – albums? Where have we seen them
unprecedented for Motown – then before? What is different here? How is it
conceptual? What is the concept?
releases string of classic albums: Music
of My Mind, Talking Book, Innervisions, Strongly influenced by the Beatle‟s Capitol begins to promote records in late
Rubber Soul (1965) an