MUAR 392 Lecture Notes May 28
Song Analysis some of which probably helps fuel
By “vertical” description I mean what is Without resources to buy traditional
happening all together a single moment musical instruments, some
in time. improvised...e.g. turntables!
By “horizontal” description I mean how
does the music change over time. What is an MC?
The Hip Hop Aesthetic Title for rapper (1970s and 80s) short for
Master of Ceremonies
Complex of cultural practices
Uses rhyming verses, prewritten or
o DJing freestyle
o MCing Introduce and praise DJ, hype up crowd,
o Breakdancing etc.
o Beatboxing What is a DJ in hip-hop?
o Language Selects, plays and manipulates pre-
o Etc... recorded music
Uses turntables, synthesizers, drum
Music Aesthetic machines
Early-1980s: invention of digital sampler
Combined practice of DJ and MC
made sound manipulation easier
Dominance of guitar is challenged
Continuing African-American musical Early DJs
tradition, melody and harmony firmly
subordinated to rhythm DJ Kool Herc
o Explored break beats (switching
Origin of Hip Hop between two turntables)
Grand Master Flash
South Bronx, late 1970s
o Developed scratching
Three primary influences techniques
o Disco DJ
o African American verbal arts First Rap Recording Released
o Jamaican sound system man Sugerhill Gang “Rapper’s Delight”
combined DJ and MC) (1979)
What are some of its musical elements?
What was the socio-economic condition of
How is it different than other music
the South Bronx (NYC in general in fact) at we’ve heard?
this time? How might this have influenced Took break beats from Chic’s disco hit
development of hip-hop? “Good Times” (1979)
“White flight” leaving urban centers with Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five
mostly poor minorities: consequent drop “The Message” (1982) Important and
in tax base leads to severe deprivation Influential Early Artist and Track
of municipal drop in tax base leads to
severe deprivation of municipal Broken glass everywhere
resources; in New York City millions
move out and city almost goes bankrupt People pissing on the stairs
You know they just don’t care
South Bronx one of worst affected area;
NYC blackout of 1977 leads to looting
I can’t take the smell, I can’t the noise Got no money to move out, I guess I got no True or False? Why?
choice o See Page 476 of Reader
Rats in the front room, roaches in the back Chapter 81 Sampling
Junkies in the alley with a baseball bat Is there a line between theft and creative
I tried to get away, but I couldn’t get far recontextualization?
o Issue gets publicity when two hit
Cause the man with the tow-truck repossessed rap songs quite obviously
“borrow” key elements