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Lecture 2

NUR1 221 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Nuclear Family, Furniture, Miscarriage

Course Code
NUR1 221
Sebastien Breau

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What proportion of Canadian males and females can now “expect” to be legally married at least once by the time
they reach the age of 50? 1/2
What percentage of those that are legally married can “expect” to divorce before their 30th wedding anniversary?
Living together before legal marriage is the basis for a more long-lasting marriage. Is this true or false? False
What proportion of persons aged 25-29 still live at home with their parents? 1/5
What percentage of Canadian men claim that they are “very satisfied or satisfied” with life? 86%
What percentage of divorced or separated women are now in the labor force? 83%
What percentage of “couples” aged 65 and over now live in poverty? 12%
Top 10 Trends
1) Fewer couples legally married
2) More couples breaking up
3) Families getting smaller
4) Children experience more transitions parents changing legal status
5) Canadians are satisfied with life
6) Family violence is under-reported
7) Multiple earner families are now the norm
8) Women still do most of the juggling in balancing work and home
9) Inequality is worsening
10) The future will have more aging families
Family Trends
Aged 15 and over who are single INCREASING
Aged 15 and over living in a couple (married or common law) DECREASING
Couples (married and common law) with children DECREASING
Couples (married and common law) with at least one child under 25 DECREASING
One person household INCREASING
Households containing a couple with children DECREASING
Households containing a couple without children INCREASING
Average household size DECREASING
Median household income INCREASING
In 2006 there were 8, 896, 800 census families in Canada
Married couples constituted 68.6% of families but proportion steadily decreasing over past 20 years
Common law couples increased 18.9% between 2001 and 2006
Lone parent families headed by men increased 14.6% between 2001 and 2006, more than 2x the growth of lone-parent
families headed by women ( 6.3%)
For the first time there were more couples without children 42.7% than couples with children 41.4% in census families
Significant growth in number of same-sex couples 32.6% increase from 2001 to 2006
o Growth more than 5x the growth observed for opposite sex couples.
Households declining in 2006, there were more than 3x as many one-person households ( 26.8%) as those consisting
of 5 or more people ( 8.7%)
2/3 of Canada’s total of 5.6 million children aged 14 and under lived with married parents in 2006 decline from 81.2%
in 1996

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A growing proportion of children aged 4 and under had a mother in her forties in 2001 7.8% of children had a mother
between 40 and 49 and in 2006, this proportion increased to 9.4%
The proportion of young adults aged 20 to 29 who lived in their parental home continued to increase, following a 20
year upward trend
o In 2006, 43.5% lived at home , up from 32.1% two decades earlier
Poverty in Canada: 2006 Update
In 2004, the proportion of Canadians living in poverty fell to 4.9% - the lowest level in history
Canada’s child poverty rate also hit a historic low of 5.6% (1/18 children were poor)
Significant decline in child poverty and overall poverty since 1996 - 37% decrease for individuals and 46% for children
Over the past 55 years, the poverty rate for Canadian households has fallen from 41.2% to 6.6%
Basic needs approach to poverty determines:
o Cost of food, shelter, clothing, health care, personal care, essential furnishings , transportation, and
communication, laundry, home insurance and miscellaneous for various communities across Canada and then
determines how many households have insufficient income to afford those need
Contemporary Family Facts 2006
23.4% of all common-law couple families in Canada live in metropolitan Montréal and Québec
Legalization of same-sex marriages in July 2005 - 16% of same-sex couples were married
Increase of 11.8% in one person household from 2001
Increase of couples without children aged 24 years and younger increased 11.2% since 2001
2006, 43.5% of 4 million young adults 20-29 lived in parental home ( 2001 41.1% and 1986 32.1%)
48.5% of persons 15 and over were legally married in 2006 (2001- 50.1% and 1986 - 61.4%)
Shifting Family Forms: Traditional VS. Non-Traditional
Married/co-habiting heterosexual adults with or without children lone parent by choice with child divorced with
or without custody or joint custody gay/lesbian with or without children
Nuclear family mother, father children
Extended family nuclear plus other relatives of one or both spouses who co-habit or do not co-habit
Blended family one divorced or widowed adult with all or some of his/her children and a new spouse with all or some
of his/her children as well as children born to this union so that parents, parents children ( from union) and stepchildren
(from other union) live together.
Patrifocal - man has authority and decision-making power
Matrifocal woman has main authority and decision-making power
Family Structures Internal and External
Family composition, rank order, sub-systems, boundaries
Core dimensions roles, communication, decision-making, values
Internal work goal-setting, fulfilling tasks, meeting everyday demands
Culture, religion, social class, mobility
Environment and extended family
The Family as a System Moving Through Time
Families comprise persons who have a shared history and a shared future
Comprise entire emotional systems of at least three generations connected by blood, legal or historical ties
Relationships with family go through transitions moving along the life cycle
Roles , boundaries, psychological connections constantly being redefined
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