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Article 4 - Helping Grieving People.docx

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NUR1 220
Sonya Laszlo

o Between cultures and traditions with death, loss and Helping Grieving People beliefs - Avoidance and denial are typical ways people soften or keep out the reality of painful loss WHEN TEARS ARE NOT ENOUGH o Normal - Has predictable and unpredictable features - Heart, head, and hands approach to helping grieving people - There are differences in ways people grieve o Faces, sounds, body language o Differing circumstances: KEY CONCEPTS: (As listed in text)  Pre-existing morbidity  Personal coping styles Grief is:  Influences of personality type  Social-cultural factors - A universal phenomenon among people  Nature of loss - Comes from both tangible and intangible losses - Is a natural reflex that exists to enhance survival  Age and role of deceased  Level of support o Basic drive to restore attachment to the lost object  Mental health of mourner o When attachment can’t be restored – the individual exhibits despair and mourning behaviours - Support can come from professionals, friends, family, and organization volunteers - An adaptive response o Attempts to restore what was lost DEFINING GRIEF: o Reaction: loss of normal functioning  maladaptation - Behaviour - A natural phenomenon – complications/illness can result from it - Person is having a hard time o Reactions can be dysfunctional under certain - Internal physiological reactions to loss or the threat of loss - A life condition that has the potential to bring a person closer to circumstances and require special professional assistance his or her faith o May lead to depression may limit activities - Condition to be cured - Intermix of grief with mourning and bereavement - Complex and dynamic and varies between individuals and o Grief: internal reactions among cultures o Physical pain o Mourning: observable behaviours o Discomfort o Bereavement: the cultural/social role of one who has had a loss o Psychological distress – emotional/intellectual o Social dysfunction o Spiritual discontinuity o Varies during day/night, week to week, day to day Text definitions: b. Provide a safe space, time, and permission for them to expression their feelings. Grief: a system of feelings, thoughts and behaviours that are triggered 2. There is no one right way to grieve when a person is faced with loss or the threat of loss. Emphasis is on both a. Ppl’s grieving = based on stereotypes of gender, age, internal and external reactions and other social cultural identification 3. There is no universal timetable for grief Mourning: the behaviours that are part of the human grief response and serve to differentiate mourners from others in a person’s social network. a. Ppl may get impatient with another’s grief b. Some tell them it’s okay and to stop crying Emphasis on external behaviours, expressions of grief and the way they c. Above are no no’s dress. 4. Every loss is a multiple loss Bereavement: a cultural/social role or condition for a person who has a. Secondary lossesripple and increase grief experienced a death and engages in cultural rituals and behaviours reaction. It affects other ppl in our lives associated with death. Emphasis is on behaviours or restriction of 5. Change = loss=grief behaviours dictated by cultural norms. 6. We grieve old loss while grieving new loss a. Transitions in life and experience losses b. Some are unfinished and unaccommodated grief may remain Myths: form of denial = normal c. New ones mix with old ones - Holdi
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