Lecture # 10
January 30, 2013
looking at where they work, to see what argument they are going to hold.
-Allison: “where you stand depends on where you sit”
Example: Salmon P. Case on “greenbacks” Problem: eventually government
wont agree and people holding onto greenbacks will not receive their money. Will
discuss in the supreme court. Wether it was legitimate for the U.S government to
do this. ( moving people around in different job positions their position on policy
will switch according to position.)
Example: Winston Churchill on pre-World War I naval expenditures.He was a
conservative). Liberal party was thinking of what the priorities should be, because
working class would have voting rights in the future. They wanted to implement early
party loyalty so in the future when they gained there voting rights they could.
Encouraging social rights and free trade. They created new battle ships, Winston
Churchill ended up thinking tory position was dumb to alienate them before they get
voting rights. They voted Winston Churchill as the leader of military. Therefore he had
always been discouraging military funds. but when he was changed position he of
course stated that their should be more money in the military budget.
-Bureaucratic actors rationally pursue narrow goals.
Every organization has its own narrow definition of its interests. National actors
are the bureaucratic it represents.
-Bureaucratic politics tell us about organization’ competing aims- but how is policy
Predictions can be made about people views on policies according to their
bureaucratic department but who will win?
-Manipulation by bureaucratic actors
Individuals who have the job to determine the policies that are in the best interest
of the nation. These individuals are willing to be manipulated. A permanent civil
secretary, a position that remains while different politicians come and go. The
point is the politicians has his own views of how things should be run according
to his party. Although the civil servant has his experience within government and
generally gets his way. Politicians believe they are getting their way although civil
secretary normally gets their way.
The Cuban Missile Crisis Highlights the kind of things that bureaucratic individuals are fighting over.
-Halperin & Kanter: Bureaucratic Politics entails competition between bureaucratic
actors. ( 5 aspects)
Air force and CIA arguing over- Turf( to collect intelligence from the air)
Navy/Air force Land Rights- Flying over the ocean who’s turf is this? They signed
an agreement of who was responsible for what. They each get planes, and the US army
is not allowed in the agreement to have planes. Therefore, the US army gets helicopters
instead, even though planes would be better. TURF>