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poli 341 lecture march 12.docx

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Political Science
POLI 341
Julie Norman

Tuesday, March 12, 2013 Lecture Midterm: short answer identification relating to organizations and documents (Oslo Accords, GCC, Arab league etc) 2 short essays: historical one on state emergency and the other is applying foreign policy on current events- choice on two for each; refer to readings US Foreign Policy Discussion questions: 1. how have US interests and policies in ME changes over time? 2. how has US influence in the region changed over time? 3. Was the Iraq war “worth it” for Iraq? For US? What are the regional implications of the war? 4. How can/should the US engage in the region now? Syria? Israel-Palestine? Iran? Shifting Interests and Influences  Some say they shift others say are consistent  After WWII ME was interest area due to communism containment and soviet influence  Oil interests- financial economic interests of the US and partners  1970s- issue of Israeli security became important  security/terrorism-> more of a concern now  liberal democracy-> spreading its values; not that different from containing communism; but framing has become controversial now; linked as regime change and problematic; when Hamaas won legit election democratically it wasn’t US interest so double edge sword  regional stability more focus now in response to Arab spring and follow up of Iraq war; cautious on intervention in part of US; intervene again would create another rollback  influence on region? New diplomacy? Arab states now consult with each other first and then conduct with US later; more bilateral relationships Unpacking US Foreign Policy  Political  Alliances; some have shifted over time; ex: Iran until 1979 and then faced out; Israel and SA too  Leverage/pressure  Intervention: supply tropps, sanctions  Diplomatic  Formal relations: none with Iran; affects negotiations since there is not formal contact; move states make when they are dissatisfied  Track-two negotiations: its not the elites but mid high level in government who are negotiations instead; form of shuttle diplomacy; very common in US relations  UN votes- ex. US used leverage with Israel but balance was to vote against Palestine statehood in the UN; balance of power between interest with Israel and Arab states  Public diplomacy: intentional actions such as r
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